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风箱果 Physocarpus amurensis

时间:2018-06-26 14:24来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 风箱果 学名( Scientific Name ): Physocarpus amurensis (Maxim.) Maxim. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 托盘幌 异名( Synonym ): Opulaster amurensis (Maxim.) Kuntze Spiraea am
中文名(Chinese Name):风箱果
学名(Scientific Name):Physocarpus amurensis (Maxim.) Maxim.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):托盘幌
异名(Synonym):Opulaster amurensis (Maxim.) Kuntze  Spiraea amurensis Maxim.
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)风箱果属
形态特征(Description):灌木,高达3米;小枝圆柱形,稍弯曲,无毛或近于无毛,幼时紫红色,老时灰褐色,树皮成纵向剥裂;冬芽卵形,先端尖,外面被短柔毛。叶片三角卵形至宽卵形,长3.5-5.5厘米,宽3-5厘米,先端急尖或渐尖,基部心形或近心形,稀截形,通常基部3裂,稀5裂,边缘有重锯齿,下面微被星状毛与短柔毛,沿叶脉较密;叶柄长1.2-2.5厘米,微被柔毛或近于无毛;托叶线状披针形,顶端渐尖,边缘有不规则尖锐锯齿,长6-7毫米,无毛或近于无毛,早落。花序伞形总状,直径3-4厘米,花梗长1-1.8厘米,总花梗和花梗密被星状柔毛;苞片披针形,顶端有锯齿,两面微被星状毛,早落;花直径8-13毫米;萼筒杯状,外面被星状绒毛;萼片三角形,长约3-4毫米,宽约2毫米,先端急尖,全缘,内外两面均被星状绒毛;花瓣倒卵形,长约4毫米,宽约2毫米,先端圆钝,白色;雄蕊20-30,着生在萼筒边缘,花药紫色;心皮2-4,外被星状柔毛,花柱顶生。蓇葖果膨大,卵形,长渐尖头,熟时沿背腹两缝开裂,外面微被星状柔毛,内含光亮黄色种子2-5枚。花期6月,果期7-8月。
分布(Distribution):产黑龙江、河北,生山沟中,在阔叶林边,常丛生。分布朝鲜北部及俄罗斯远东地区。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 77      
Physocarpus amurensis (Maximowicz) Maximowicz, Trudy Imp. S.-Peterburgsk. Bot. Sada. 6: 221. 1879.
风箱果 feng xiang guo| Rosaceae  | Physocarpus
Spiraea amurensis Maximowicz, Mém. Acad. Imp. Sci. St.-Pétersbourg Divers Savans 9: 90. 1859; Opulaster amurensis (Maximowicz) Kuntze.
Shrubs to 3 m tall. Branchlets slightly curved, terete, glabrous or subglabrous; buds ovoid, pubescent. Stipules caducous, linear-lanceolate, 6–7 mm, glabrous or subglabrous, margin serrate; petiole 1.2–2.5 cm, sparsely pubescent or subglabrous; leaf blade triangular-ovate to broadly ovate, 3.5–5.5 × 3–5 cm, abaxially stellate hairy and pubescent, densely so on veins, base cordate or subcordate, rarely truncate, margin 3(–5)-lobed, doubly serrate, apex acute or acuminate. Corymb 3–4 cm in diam., many flowered, most parts sparsely stellate pubescent to stellate tomentose; peduncle glabrescent; bracts lanceolate, serrate at apex, caducous. Flowers 8–13 mm in diam.; pedicel 1–1.8 cm. Sepals triangular, 3–4 × ca. 2 mm, margin entire, apex acute. Petals white, obovate, ca. 4 × 2 mm, apex obtuse. Stamens 20–30. Carpels 2–4; style terminal. Follicles ovoid, 9–10 mm, glabrescent; fruiting pedicel 1–1.8 cm, glabrescent. Seeds 2–4. Fl. Jun, fr. Jul–Aug.
Broad-leaved forest margins, valleys. NE Hebei (Chengde, Wuling Shan), S Heilongjiang (Mao’ershan) [N Korea, Russia (Far East)].






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