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山指甲Ligustrum sinense

时间:2013-10-23 13:29来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):山指甲 学名( Scientific Name ): Ligustrum sinense Lour. 英文名( English Common Name ): Chinese privet 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 小蜡 异名( Synonym ): Ligustrum deciduum Hemsl. Ligustrum nokoensis Ma
中文名(Chinese Name):山指甲
学名(Scientific Name):Ligustrum sinense Lour.
英文名(English Common Name):Chinese privet
别名(Chinese Common Name):小蜡
异名(Synonym):Ligustrum deciduum Hemsl.  Ligustrum nokoensis Masam. et K. Mori  Ligustrum calleryanum Decne.  Ligustrum sinense var. nitidum Rehder  Ligustrum sinense var. stauntonii (A. DC.) Rehder  Ligustrum stauntonii A. DC.  Ligustrum microcarpum Kaneh. et Sasaki  Ligustrum shakaroense Kaneh.  Ligustrum microcarpum var. shakaroense (Kaneh.) Shimizu et Kao  Ligustrum villosum May
科属Family & Genus):木犀科(Oleaceae)女贞属
形态特征Description):落叶灌木或小乔木,高2-4(-7)米。小枝圆柱形,幼时被淡黄色短柔毛或柔毛,老时近无毛。叶片纸质或薄革质,卵形、椭圆状卵形、长圆形、长圆状椭圆形至披针形,或近圆形,长2-7(-9)厘米,宽1-3(-3.5)厘米,先端锐尖、短渐尖至渐尖,或钝而微凹,基部宽楔形至近圆形,或为楔形,上面深绿色,疏被短柔毛或无毛,或仅沿中脉被短柔毛,下面淡绿色,疏被短柔毛或无毛,常沿中脉被短柔毛,侧脉4-8对,上面微凹入,下面略凸起;叶柄长28毫米,被短柔毛。圆锥花序顶生或腋生,塔形,长4-11厘米,宽3-8厘米;花序轴被较密淡黄色短柔毛或柔毛以至近无毛;花梗长1-3毫米,被短柔毛或无毛;花萼无毛,长1-1.5毫米,先端呈截形或呈浅波状齿;花冠长3.5-5.5毫米,花冠管长1.5-2.5毫米,裂片长圆状椭圆形或卵状椭圆形,长2-4毫米;花丝与裂片近等长或长于裂片,花药长圆形,长约1毫米。果近球形,径5-8毫米。花期3-6月,果期9-12月。
分布(Distribution):产我国中南部,生海拔200-2600米山坡、山谷、溪边、河旁、路边的密林、疏林或混交林中。越南也有。
用途(Use):果实可酿酒;种子榨油供制肥皂;树皮和叶入药,具清热降火等功效,治吐血、牙痛、口疮、咽喉痛等;各地普遍栽培作绿篱。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 15 Page 303
Ligustrum sinense Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 1: 19. 1790.
小蜡 xiao la | Oleaceae  | Ligustrum
Shrubs or small trees 2-4(-7) m, deciduous. Branchlets terete, villous, pubescent, pilose, puberulent, to glabrescent. Petiole 2-8 mm; leaf blade ovate, oblong, elliptic to lanceolate, or suborbicular, 2-7(-13) × 1-3(-5.5) cm, densely villous to sparsely pubescent or glabrous, papery to somewhat leathery, base cuneate to subrounded, apex acute to acuminate, sometimes obtuse and retuse; primary veins 4-6(or 7) on each side of midrib, impressed or plane adaxially, somewhat raised abaxially. Panicles terminal or axillary, 4-11 × 3-8 cm, with or without leaf at base. Pedicel 1-5 mm. Calyx 1-1.5 mm, glabrous or pubescent. Corolla 3.5-5.5 mm; tube slightly shorter than lobes. Stamens reaching apex of corolla lobes or exceeding that; anthers ca. 1 mm. Fruit subglobose, 5-8 mm in diam.
Mixed forests, valleys, along streams, thickets, woods, ravines; 200-2700 m. Anhui, Fujian, Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Vietnam]






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