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茉莉 Jasminum sambac

时间:2013-10-23 13:24来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):茉莉 学名( Scientific Name ): Jasminum sambac (L.) Aiton 英文名( English Common Name ): Arabian jasmine 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 茉莉花 异名( Synonym ): Nyctanthes sambac L. Jasminum bicorollatum N
中文名(Chinese Name):茉莉
学名(Scientific Name):Jasminum sambac (L.) Aiton
英文名(English Common Name):Arabian jasmine
别名(Chinese Common Name):茉莉花
异名(Synonym):Nyctanthes sambac L.  Jasminum bicorollatum Noronha  Jasminum blancoi Hassk.  Jasminum fragrans Salisb.  Jasminum heyneanum Wall. ex G.Don  Jasminum odoratum Noronha  Jasminum quadrifolium Buch.-Ham. ex Wall.  Jasminum quinqueflorum var. pubescens G.Don  Jasminum quinqueflorum B.Heyne ex G.Don  Jasminum sambac var. duplex Voigt  Jasminum sambac var. gimea (Zuccagni) DC.  Jasminum sambac var. goaense (Zuccagni) DC.  Jasminum sambac var. heyneanum (Wall. ex G.Don) C.B.Clarke  Jasminum sambac var. kerianum Kuntze  Jasminum sambac var. nemocalyx Kuntze  Jasminum sambac var. plenum Stokes  Jasminum sambac var. syringifolium Wall. ex Kuntze  Jasminum sambac var. undulatum (L.) Kuntze  Jasminum sambac var. verum DC.  Jasminum sanjurium Buch.-Ham. ex DC.  Jasminum zambac Roxb.  Mogorium gimea Zuccagni  Mogorium goaense Zuccagni  Mogorium sambac (L.) Lam.  Mogorium undulatum (L.) Lam.  Nyctanthes goa Steud.  Nyctanthes undulata L.
科属(Family & Genus):木犀科(Oleaceae)素馨属
形态特征(Description):直立或攀援灌木,高达3米。小枝圆柱形或稍压扁状,有时中空,疏被柔毛。叶对生,单叶,叶片纸质,圆形、椭圆形、卵状椭圆形或倒卵形,长4-12.5厘米,宽2-7.5厘米,两端圆或钝,基部有时微心形,侧脉4-6对,在上面稍凹入或凹起,下面凸起,细脉在两面常明显,微凸起,除下面脉腋间常具簇毛外,其余无毛;叶柄长2-6毫米,被短柔毛,具关节。聚伞花序顶生,通常有花3朵,有时单花或多达5朵;花序梗长1-4.5厘米,被短柔毛;苞片微小,锥形,长4-8毫米;花梗长0.3-2厘米;花极芳香;花萼无毛或疏被短柔毛,裂片线形,长5-7毫米;花冠白色,花冠管长0.7-1.5厘米,裂片长圆形至近圆形,宽5-9毫米,先端圆或钝。果球形,径约1厘米,呈紫黑色。花期5-8月,果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):原产印度、中国南方和世界各地广泛栽培。
用途(Use):本种的花极香,为著名的花茶原料及重要的香精原料;花、叶药用治目赤肿痛,并有止咳化痰之效。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 15 Page 318
Jasminum sambac (Linnaeus) Aiton, Hort. Kew. 1: 8. 1789.
茉莉花 mo li hua| Oleaceae  | Jasminum
Nyctanthes sambac Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 6. 1753.
Shrubs erect or scandent, to 3 m. Branchlets terete or slightly compressed, sometimes hollow, sparsely pubescent. Leaves opposite, simple; petiole 2-6 mm, articulate, pubescent; leaf blade orbicular to elliptic or obovate, 4-12.5 × 2-7.5 cm, papery, glabrous except for tufted hairs at vein axils abaxially, both ends blunt, sometimes base subcordate; primary veins 4-6 on each side of midrib. Cymes terminal, (1 or)3(or 5)-flowered; bracts subulate, 4-8 mm. Flowers very fragrant. Pedicel 0.3-2 cm. Calyx glabrous or sparsely pubescent; lobes 8-9, linear, 5-7 mm. Corolla white; tube 0.7-1.5 cm; lobes oblong to suborbicular, 5-9 mm broad. Berry purple-black, globose, ca. 1 cm in diam. Fl. May-Aug, fr. Jul-Sep. 2n = 26*.
Native to India, widely cultivated in S China and elsewhere in the world
Widely cultivated for its very fragrant flowers that are used in tea flavoring and in perfumes. The flowers and leaves are also medicinal.




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