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毛茉莉Jasminum multiflorum

时间:2013-10-23 13:22来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):毛茉莉 学名( Scientific Name ): Jasminum multiflorum (Burm. f.) Andrews 英文名( English Common Name ): star jasmine 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Nyctanthes multiflora Burm. f. Jasminum
中文名(Chinese Name):毛茉莉
学名(Scientific Name):Jasminum multiflorum (Burm. f.) Andrews
英文名(English Common Name):star jasmine
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Nyctanthes multiflora Burm. f.  Jasminum pubescensf (Retz.) Willd.  Nyctanthes pubescens Retz.  Jasminum congestum Buch.-Ham.  Jasminum gracillimum Hook.f.  Jasminum multiflorum f. pubescens (Retz.) Bakh.f.  Mogorium multiflorum (Burm.f.) Lam.  Mogorium pubescens (Retz.) Lam.
科属Family & Genus):木犀科(Oleaceae)素馨属
形态特征Description):攀援灌木,高1-6米。小枝细长,弯曲,圆柱形,密被黄褐色绒毛,后渐脱落。叶对生或近对生,单叶,叶片纸质,卵形或心形,长3-8.5厘米,宽1.5-5厘米,先端渐尖、锐尖或钝,基部心形或截形,上面光滑或被短柔毛,下面疏被短柔毛至密被绒毛,叶脉有时在上面凹入,下面凸起,侧脉3-6对;叶柄长5-10毫米,近基部有关节,被绒毛。头状花序或密集呈圆锥状聚伞花序,顶生或腋生,密被黄褐色绒毛;花梗短或缺;花芳香;花萼被绒毛,裂片6-9枚,锥形,长2-6毫米;花冠白色,高脚碟状,花冠管长1-1.7厘米,径2-3毫米,裂片8枚,长圆形或狭椭圆形,长1-1.4厘米,宽4-6毫米。果椭圆形,呈褐色。花期10月至翌年4月。
分布(Distribution):原产东南亚及印度,我国及世界各地广泛栽培。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 15 Page 317
Jasminum multiflorum (N. L. Burman) Andrews, Bot. Repos. 8: t. 496. 1807.
毛茉莉 mao mo li| Oleaceae  | Jasminum
Nyctanthes multiflora N. L. Burman, Fl. Indica 5. 1768; Jasminum pubescens (Retzius) Willdenow.
Shrubs, scrambler or weak climbers to 3 m. Branchlets terete, densely pilose. Leaves opposite, simple; petiole 5-10 mm, densely pilose; leaf blade ovate-cordate, often broadly so, 3-8 × 1.5-5 cm, papery, ± scattered pilose on both surfaces, glabrescent, except on midrib and veins, base cordate, apex acute to sometimes slightly acuminate, mucronulate; primary veins 3 or 4 on each side of midrib. Inflorescences terminal on side shoots, many flowered, congested; bracts leafy, basal ovate, 1.5-2 cm, upper linear, 3-5 mm. Pedicel 0-2 mm. Calyx densely pilose; tube ca. 1 mm; lobes 6-9, filiform, (2-)5-7 mm. Corolla white, sweetly scented; tube 1.2-1.5 cm; lobes 7-9, acute, 1-1.5 cm. Fruit not seen. Fl. Oct-Apr.
Widely cultivated in southern China and round the world [Native to India and perhaps elsewhere in SE Asia, but certainly not in Nepal, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka, and doubtfully in Myanmar and Vietnam]


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