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方枝蒲桃Syzygium tephrodes

时间:2013-10-18 16:40来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):方枝蒲桃 学名( Scientific Name ): Syzygium tephrodes (Hance) Merr. et Perry 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Eugenia tephrodes Hance 科属( Family Genus ):
中文名(Chinese Name):方枝蒲桃
学名(Scientific Name):Syzygium tephrodes (Hance) Merr. et Perry
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Eugenia tephrodes Hance
科属(Family & Genus):桃金娘科(Myrtaceae)蒲桃属
形态特征(Description):灌木至小乔木,高达6米;小枝有4棱,干后灰白色,老枝圆形,灰褐色。叶片革质,近于无柄,细小,卵状披针形,长2-5厘米,宽1-1.5厘米,先端钝而渐尖,或钝而略尖,基部微心形,上面干后灰绿色或灰褐色,无光泽,下面稍浅,侧脉12-16对,在上面明显,在下面隐约可见,近于水平斜出,边脉极靠近边缘,侧脉间相隔约1.5毫米。圆锥花序顶生,长3-4厘米,总梗有棱,灰白色;花梗长1-2毫米,花白色,有香气;萼管窄倒圆锥形,长约4毫米,灰白色,干后纵向皱褶,萼齿4,近圆形,长约1毫米;花瓣连合,圆形,长2毫米;雄蕊长3-4毫米;花柱长6-7毫米。果实卵圆形,长3-4毫米,灰白色,上部较狭,顶部有宿存萼齿。花期5-6月。
分布(Distribution):广东海南岛特有。常见于低海拔森林里。
用途(Use):引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 13 Page 336, 341, 350
Syzygium tephrodes (Hance) Merrill & L. M. Perry, J. Arnold Arbor. 19: 223. 1938.
方枝蒲桃 fang zhi pu tao| Myrtaceae  | Syzygium
Eugenia tephrodes Hance, J. Bot. 23: 7. 1885.
Shrubs to trees, to 6 m tall. Branchlets grayish white when dry, narrowly winged at angle; old branches grayish brown, terete. Leaves subsessile; leaf blade ovate-lanceolate, 2-5(-11) × 1-1.5(-3) cm, leathery, abaxially slightly pale when dry, adaxially grayish green to grayish brown and not glossy when dry, secondary veins 12-16 on each side of midvein, ca. 1.5 mm apart, nearly same level as leaf surface, abaxially slightly visible, and adaxially conspicuous, intramarginal veins very near margin, base slightly cordate, margin glandular punctate, apex obtuse and with an acuminate to acute tip. Inflorescences terminal, paniculate cymes, 3-4 cm; peduncle grayish white, ridged. Flowers white, fragrant. Hypanthium grayish white, narrowly obconic, ca. 4 mm, longitudinally corrugate when dry. Calyx lobes 4, ovate-rounded, ca. 1 mm. Petals coherent, rounded, ca. 2 mm. Stamens 3-4 mm. Style 6-7 mm. Fruit grayish white, broadly ellipsoid, 3-4 mm, apical part narrow, apically with persistent calyx lobes. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Nov-Dec.
● Broad-leaved evergreen forests, valleys, slopes, stream margins; 300(-2000) m. Hainan.


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