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短药蒲桃Syzygium globiflorum

时间:2013-10-18 16:37来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 短药蒲桃 学名( Scientific Name ): Syzygium globiflorum (Craib) Chantar. et J. Parnell 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Syzygium brachyantherum Merr. et Perr
中文名(Chinese Name):短药蒲桃
学名(Scientific Name):Syzygium globiflorum (Craib) Chantar. et J. Parnell 
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Syzygium brachyantherum Merr. et Perry  Eugenia globiflora Craib
科属(Family & Genus):桃金娘科(Myrtaceae)蒲桃属
形态特征(Description):灌木或小乔木,高3-12米;嫩枝圆形,稍压扁。叶片薄革质,椭圆形或狭椭圆形,长-16厘米,宽2.5-5厘米,先端急短尖,基部阔楔形,上面干后暗绿色,不发亮,下面同色,多腺点,侧脉12-17对,以55度开角斜向上,离边缘1.5毫米处相结合成边脉,侧脉间相隔7-9毫米,有明显网脉;叶柄长1-1.3厘米。聚伞花序或圆锥花序,顶生,有花3-11朵,总梗长1-1.5厘米;花梗长5-20毫米,花中等大;花蕾卵圆形,长1-1.2厘米;萼管长8-9毫米,萼齿4,三角卵形,长5毫米;花瓣分离,阔卵形,长7-8毫米;雄蕊长短不一,长1-1.5厘米,花药极短,长0.6毫米;花柱长1.3厘米。果实近球形,直径2.5厘米。花期4-8月。
分布(Distribution):产广东海南、广西及云南等地。生于中海拔、山谷密林中。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 13 Page 339, 342, 346
Syzygium globiflorum (Craib) P. Chantanaranothai & J. Parnell, Kew Bull. 48: 598. 1993.
短药蒲桃 duan yao pu tao| Myrtaceae  | Syzygium
Eugenia globiflora Craib, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1930: 167. 1930; Syzygium brachyantherum Merrill & L. M. Perry.
Shrubs or trees, 3-15 m tall. Branchlets terete, slightly compressed. Petiole 1-1.3 cm; leaf blade elliptic to narrowly elliptic, 9-16 × 2.5-5 cm, thinly leathery, both surfaces dark green when dry, abaxially glandular, secondary veins 12-17 on each side of midvein, 7-9 mm apart, and at an angle of ca. 55° from midvein, reticulate veins conspicuous, intramarginal veins ca. 1.5 mm from margin, base broadly cuneate, apex acute. Inflorescences terminal, cymes or paniculate cymes, 3-11-flowered; peduncle 1-1.5 cm. Flower buds ovoid, 1-1.2 cm. Hypanthium 8-9 mm. Calyx lobes 4, triangular-ovate, ca. 5 mm. Petals distinct, broadly ovate, 7-8 mm. Stamens size variable, 1-1.5 cm; anthers ca. 0.6 mm. Style ca. 1.3 cm. Fruit subglobose, ca. 2.5 cm in diam. Fl. Apr-Aug.
Mountain valleys, dense forests; 200-1000(-2400 in Yunnan) m. Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan [Thailand].




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