织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 灌木 >

包疮叶 Maesa indica

时间:2013-10-18 13:53来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):包疮叶 学名( Scientific Name ): Maesa indica (Roxb.) A. DC. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 大白饭果、千年树 异名( Synonym ): Baeobotrys indica Roxb. 科属( Family Genus )
中文名(Chinese Name):包疮叶
学名(Scientific Name):Maesa indica (Roxb.) A. DC.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):大白饭果、千年树
异名(Synonym):Baeobotrys indica Roxb.
科属(Family & Genus):紫金牛科(Myrsinaceae)杜茎山属
形态特征(Description):大灌木,高1-3米,稀达5米;分枝多,外倾,无毛,幼时具深沟槽,以后变圆柱形,具纵条纹,有密且突起的皮孔,老时则不明显。叶片坚纸质至近革质,卵形至广卵形或长圆状卵形,顶端急尖,突然渐尖或渐尖,基部楔形或近圆形,长8-17 (-21) 厘米,宽5-9 (-11) 厘米,边缘具波状齿或疏细齿或粗齿,两面无毛,叶面中脉微凹,侧脉12对,微隆起,背面脉隆起,细脉不甚明显,具明显地脉状腺条纹;叶柄长1-2.5 (-4) 厘米。总状花序或圆锥花序,常仅于基部分枝,腋生及近顶生,长3-5厘米,几无毛或无毛;苞片三角状卵形或近披针形,无毛;花梗长1-2毫米,无毛;小苞片广卵形,紧贴花萼基部;花长约2毫米,萼片广卵形,较萼管长或近等长,具疏缘毛,无腺点;花冠白色或淡黄绿色,钟状,长约2毫米,具不明显的脉状腺条纹,裂片与花冠管等长或略长,广卵形,顶端圆形,边缘微波状;雄蕊在雄花中着生于花冠管中部,内藏;花丝较花药略长或近等长;花药圆形,无腺点;雌蕊不超过雄蕊,柱头微裂。果卵圆形或近球形,直径约3毫米,具纵行肋纹;宿存萼包果顶部。花期4-5月,果期9-11月或4-7月。
分布(Distribution):产云南,生于海拔500-2000米的山间疏、密林下,山坡、沟底荫湿处。印度,越南也有。
用途(Use):全株可入药,性凉,味苦,清热解毒,用于治疗急性黄胆型肝炎(配伍);叶捣碎敷疮,在印度用作毒鱼;有的记载果可食。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 15 Page 8
Maesa indica (Roxburgh) A. de Candolle, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 17: 134. 1834.
包疮叶 bao chuang ye| Myrsinaceae  | Maesa
Baeobotrys indica Roxburgh, Fl. Ind. 2: 230. 1824.
Shrubs 1-3 m tall, scandent, glandular granulose, early glabrescent. Branchlets angular to obtusely ridged, pellucid punctate-lineate, striate, with dense lenticels; pith solid. Petiole slightly canaliculate, 1-1.8 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate to oblong, 8-17(-21) × 5-9(-11) cm, papery, punctate-lineate, base obtuse or subrounded, margin serrate-dentate or -denticulate, teeth not callose, apex acute or acuminate. Inflorescences axillary or subterminal, racemose or paniculate, 3-5 cm, glabrescent or glandular granulose; bracteoles broadly ovate, obtuse to rounded apically. Flowers white or light yellow-green, ca. 2 mm. Pedicel 1-2 mm, glandular granulose. Calyx lobes broadly ovate, pellucid punctate, margin entire, sparsely ciliate, apex obtuse to rounded. Corolla campanulate, orange punctate-lineate; lobes broadly ovate, as long as or longer than tube, margin subundulate, apex acute. Stamens inserted at middle of corolla tube, included; filaments as long as or longer than anthers; anthers rounded. Pistil included. Style short; stigma lobed. Fruit globose or subglobose, ca. 3 mm in diam., with longitudinal ribs; persistent calyx lobes closed at fruit apex. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Sep-Nov.
Evergreen broad-leaved forests, hillsides, streambanks, damp places; 500-2000 m. S Yunnan [India, Vietnam]


(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(0)
0%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片