夜合 Lirianthe coco

中文名(Chinese Name):夜合
学名(Scientific Name):Lirianthe coco (Loureiro) N. H. Xia et C. Y. Wu
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):夜香木兰
异名(Synonym):Magnolia coco (Lour.) DC.  Magnolia pumila Andrews  Liriodendron coco Lour.  Talauma pumila Blume  Talauma coco (Lour.) Merr.
科属(Family & Genus):木兰科(Magnoliaceae)长喙木兰属
形态特征(Description):常绿灌木或小乔木,高2-4米,全株各部无毛;树皮灰色,小枝绿色,平滑,稍具角棱而有光泽。叶革质,椭圆形,狭椭圆形或倒卵状椭圆形,长7-14(-28)厘米,宽2-4.5 (-9)厘米,先端长渐尖,基部楔形,上面深绿色有光泽,稍起波皱,边缘稍反卷,侧脉每边8-10条,网眼稀疏;叶柄长5-10毫米;托叶痕达叶柄顶端。花梗向下弯垂,具3-4苞片脱落痕。花圆球形,直径3-4厘米,花被片9,肉质,倒卵形,腹面凹,外面的3片带绿色,有5条纵脉纹,长约2厘米,内两轮纯白色,长3-4厘米,宽约4厘米;雄蕊长4-6毫米,花药长约3毫米,药隔伸出成短尖头;花丝白色,长约2毫米;雌蕊群绿色,卵形,长1.5-2厘米;心皮约10枚,狭卵形,长5-6毫米,背面有1纵沟至花柱基部,柱头短,脱落后顶端平截;聚合果长约3厘米;蓇葖近木质;种子卵圆形,高约1厘米,内种皮褐色,腹面顶端具侧孔,腹沟不明显,基部尖。花期夏季,在广州几全年持续开花,果期秋季。
分布(Distribution):产浙江、福建、台湾、广东、广西、云南,生于海拔600-900米的湿润肥沃土壤林下。越南也有。
用途(Use):本种枝叶深绿婆娑 ,花朵纯白,入夜香气更浓郁。为华南久经栽培的著名庭园观赏树种。花可提取香精,亦有掺入茶叶内作熏香剂。根皮入药,能散瘀除湿,治风湿跌打,花治淋浊带下。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 7 Page 48, 62, 64
Lirianthe coco (Loureiro) N. H. Xia & C. Y. Wu, Fl. China. 7: 64. 2008.
夜香木兰 ye xiang mu lan| Magnoliaceae  | Lirianthe
Basionym: Liriodendron coco Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 1: 347. 1790; Magnolia coco (Loureiro) Candolle; M. pumila Andrews; Talauma coco (Loureiro) Merrill; T. pumila (Andrews) Blume.
Trees or shrubs, 2-4 m tall, glabrous. Bark gray. Twigs green, smooth, slightly ridged, glossy. Stipular scar reaching apex of petiole. Petiole 5-10 mm; leaf blade elliptic, narrowly elliptic, or obovate-elliptic, 7-14(-28) × 2-4.5(-9) cm, leathery, adaxially deep green, glossy, and slightly wavy wrinkled, secondary veins 8-10 on each side of midvein, reticulate veins sparse, base cuneate, margin slightly revolute, apex long acuminate. Peduncle pendulous, with 3 or 4 bract scars. Flowers globose, 3-4 cm in diam. Tepals 9, obovate, fleshy, adaxially concave; 3 tepals of outer whorl greenish, ca. 2 cm, 5-veined; tepals of inner 2 whorls pure white, 3-4 × ca. 4 cm. Stamens 4-6 mm; filaments white, ca. 2 mm; connective exserted and forming a mucro; anthers ca. 3 mm. Gynoecium green, ovoid, 1.5-2 cm; carpels ca. 10, narrowly ovoid, 5-6 mm, abaxially with 1 furrow downward to base of style; styles short, deciduous after anthesis and leaving carpel with a truncate apex. Fruit ca. 3 cm; mature carpels nearly woody. Seeds ovoid, ca. 1 cm, apex laterally pitted adaxially, ventral furrow inconspicuous, base cuneate; endotesta brown. Fl. summer (all year in Guangzhou, Guangdong), fr. autumn. 2n = 38.
Forests; 600-900 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Vietnam].
This species is grown as an ornamental and used medicinally.
夜合 Lirianthe coco

夜合 Lirianthe coco

夜合 Lirianthe coco(责任编辑:徐晔春)

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