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毛排钱草Phyllodium elegans

时间:2018-08-14 08:10来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):毛排钱草 学名( Scientific Name ): Phyllodium elegans (Lour.) Desv. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 毛排钱草、连里尾树 异名( Synonym ): Desmodium blandum Meeuwen Phyllodium e
中文名(Chinese Name):毛排钱草
学名(Scientific Name):Phyllodium elegans (Lour.) Desv.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):毛排钱草、连里尾树
异名(Synonym):Desmodium blandum Meeuwen  Phyllodium elegans var. typicum Schindl.  Zornia elegans (Lour.) Per.  Dicerma elegans (Lour.)DC.
科属Family & Genus):蝶形花科,Fabaceae排钱树属
形态特征Description):灌木,高0.5-1.5米。茎、枝和叶柄均密被黄色绒毛。托叶宽三角形,长3-5毫米,基部宽2-3毫米,外面被绒毛;叶柄长约5毫米;小叶革质,顶生小叶卵形、椭圆形至倒卵形,长7-10厘米,宽3-5厘米,侧生小叶斜卵形,长比顶生小叶约短1倍,两端钝,两面均密被绒毛,下面尤密,侧脉每边9-10条,直达叶缘,边缘呈浅波状;小托叶针状,长约2毫米;小叶柄长1-2毫米,密被黄色绒毛。花通常4-9朵组成伞形花序生于叶状苞片内,叶状苞片排列成总状圆锥花序状,顶生或侧生,苞片与总轴均密被黄色绒毛;苞片宽椭圆形,长14-35毫米,宽9-25毫米,先端凹入,基部偏斜;花梗长2-4毫米,密被开展软毛;花萼钟状,长3-4毫米,被灰白色短柔毛,花冠白色或淡绿色,旗瓣长6-7毫米,宽3-4毫米,基部渐狭,具不明显的瓣柄,翼瓣长5-6毫米,宽约1毫米,基部具耳和瓣柄,龙骨瓣较翼瓣大,长7-8毫米,宽2毫米,基部多少有耳,瓣柄长约2毫米;雌蕊长8-10毫米,被毛,基部具小花盘,花柱纤细,弯曲,长5-6毫米,中部以下有毛。荚果通常长1-1.2厘米,宽3-4毫米,密被银灰色绒毛,腹缝线直或浅波状,背缝线波状,通常有荚节3-4;种子椭圆形,长2.5毫米,宽1.8-2毫米,花期7-8月,果期10-11月。
分布(Distribution):产福建、广东、海南、广西及云南等省区。生于平原、丘陵荒地或山坡草地、疏林或灌丛中,海拔40-1100米。泰国、柬埔寨、老挝、越南、印度尼西亚也有分布。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 265, 266
Phyllodium elegans (Loureiro) Desvaux, Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris. 4: 324. 1826.
毛排钱树 mao pai qian shu | Fabaceae  | Phyllodium
Hedysarum elegans Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 2: 450. 1790; Desmodium blandum Meeuwen; D. elegans (Loureiro) Ben­tham (1861), not Candolle (1825); Dicerma elegans (Loureiro) Candolle.
Shrubs, 0.5-1.5 m tall. Branchlets and petioles densely yellow tomentose. Petiole ca. 5 mm; terminal leaflet blade ovate or elliptic to obovate, 7-10 × 3-5 cm, lateral ones obliquely ovate, ca. 1/2 as long as terminal one, both surfaces densely tomentose especially abaxially, lateral veins 9 or 10 on each side of midvein, both ends obtuse. Flowers 4-9, enclosed by a pair of leaflike bracts; bracts broadly elliptic, 1.4-3.5 × 0.9-2.5 cm, densely yellow tomentose, base oblique, apex emarginate. Pedicel 2-4 mm. Calyx campanulate, 3-4 mm. Co­rolla white or pale green; standard 6-7 × 3-4 mm, base atten­uate; wings 5-6 × ca. 1 mm, base auriculate, clawed; keel larger than wings, 7-8 × ca. 2 mm, clawed. Pistil 8-10 mm. Legume 1-2 × 0.3-0.4 cm, densely silver-gray tomentose, lower suture undulate, upper suture straight or shallowly undulate, usually 3- or 4-jointed. Seed elliptic, ca. 2.5 × 1.8-2 mm. Fl. Jul-Aug, fr. Oct-Nov.
Plains, wastelands on hills, grasslands, sparse forests, thickets on mountain slopes; sea level to 1100 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guang­xi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan [Cambodia, Indonesia (as Phyllodium ele­gans var. javanicum Schindler), Laos, Thailand, Vietnam].
The roots and leaves are used medicinally for reducing fever and as an antiphlogistic and diuretic.




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