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印度鸡血藤Millettia pulchra

时间:2018-08-14 08:12来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名 ( Chinese Name ): 印度鸡血藤 学名 ( Scientific Name ): Millettia pulchra Kurz 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 印度崖豆、美花崖豆藤 异名( Synonym ): Millettia pulchra var. typica Dunn Phaseo
中文名Chinese Name):印度鸡血藤
学名Scientific Name):Millettia pulchra Kurz
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):印度崖豆、美花崖豆藤
异名(Synonym):Millettia pulchra var. typica Dunn  Phaseolodes pulchrum (Benth.) Kuntze  Mundulea pulchra Benth.  Tephrosia tutcheri Dunn  Tephrosia pulchra Colebr.  Millettia pulchra f. laxior Dunn
科属(Family & Genus):蝶形花科,Fabaceae崖豆藤属
形态特征(Description):灌木或小乔木,高3-8米;树皮粗糙,散布小皮孔。枝、叶轴、花序均被灰黄色柔毛,后渐脱落。羽状复叶长8-20厘米;叶柄长3-4厘米,叶轴上面具沟;托叶披针形,长约2毫米,密被黄色柔毛;小叶6-9对,间隔约2厘米,纸质,披针形或披针状椭圆形,长2-6厘米,宽7-15毫米,先端急尖,基部渐狭或钝,上面暗绿色,具稀疏细毛,下面浅绿色,被平伏柔毛,中脉隆起,侧脉4-6对,直达叶缘弧曲,细脉不明显;小叶柄长约2毫米,被毛;小托叶刺毛状,长1-3毫米,被毛。总状圆锥花序腋生,长6-15厘米,短于复叶,密被灰黄色柔毛,生花节短,长1-2毫米,远离;花3-4朵着生节上;苞片小,披针形,小苞片小,贴萼生;花长0.9-1.2厘米;花梗细,长3-4毫米;花萼钟状,长约4毫米,宽约3毫米,密被柔毛,萼齿短,三角形,上方2齿全合生;花冠淡红色至紫红色,旗瓣长圆形,先端微凹,被线状细柔毛,基部截形,瓣柄短,翼瓣长圆形,具1耳,龙骨瓣长圆状镰形,与翼瓣均具长约2.5毫米的瓣柄;雄蕊单体,对旗瓣的1枚基部分离;无花盘;子房线形,密被柔毛,花柱细,短于子房,向上弯曲,胚珠约5粒。荚果线形,长5-10厘米,宽1-1.5厘米,扁平,初被灰黄色柔毛,后渐脱落,瓣裂,果瓣薄木质,有种子1-4粒;种子褐色,椭圆形,宽约1厘米。花期4-8月,果期6-10月。
分布(Distribution):产海南、广西、贵州、云南。生于海拔1400米山地、旷野或杂木林缘。印度、缅甸、老挝也有。
用途(Use):
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 176, 180
Millettia pulchra (Bentham) Kurz, J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal, Pt. 2, Nat. Hist. 42: 69. 1873.
印度崖豆 yin du ya dou | Fabaceae  | Millettia
Shrubs or trees, 3-8 m tall. Branchlets and inflorescences grayish yellow pubescent, glabrescent. Leaves 13-19-foliolate; rachis 8-20 cm, including petiole 3-4 cm; stipels acicular, 1-3 mm, caducous; petiolules ca. 2 mm, with trichomes; leaflet blades lanceolate, elliptic-lanceolate, narrowly elliptic, oblong, or ovate, 1.2-10 × 0.7-4 cm, papery to stiffly papery, abaxially pale green, adaxially dark green, base attenuate, cuneate, or subcordate and symmetric or slightly asymmetric, apex acute to attenuate. Pseudoracemes axillary, 6-15 cm; rachis nodes with 3 or 4 clustered flowers. Pedicel 3-4 mm. Flowers 0.9-1.2 cm. Calyx ca. 4 mm; teeth triangular, shorter than tube. Corolla pale red to scarlet; standard oblong, distally outside somewhat pu­bescent, apex retuse. Ovary pubescent, with 5 ovules. Legume linear, 5-10 × 1-1.5 cm, flat, gray pubescent but glabrescent; valves subleathery. Seeds 2-4 per legume, brown, ellipsoid, ca. 1 cm. Fl. Apr-Aug, fr. Jun-Oct.
Open places of lowland woodlands, thickets, grasslands, sparse or mixed woodlands, woodland margins; near sea level to 1700 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hunan, Jiangxi, S Taiwan, Yunnan [India, Laos, Myanmar, Vietnam].


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