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锦鸡儿Caragana sinica

时间:2018-08-14 08:21来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):锦鸡儿 学名( Scientific Name ): Caragana sinica (Buchoz) Rehd. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 娘娘袜 异名( Synonym ): Caragana Ser. Chamlagu (Lam.) Pojark. Aspalathus chaml
中文名(Chinese Name):锦鸡儿
学名(Scientific Name):Caragana sinica (Buc'hoz) Rehd.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):娘娘袜
异名(Synonym):Caragana Ser. Chamlagu (Lam.) Pojark.  Aspalathus chamlagu (Lam.) Kuntze  Caragana chinensis Turcz. ex Maxim.  Robinia chamlagu L'Hér.  Caragana sinica var. longipedunculata C. W. Chang  Robinia sinica Buc'hoz  Caragana chamlagu Lam.  Caragana chamlayu Lam.  Robinia sinensis Buc'hoz
科属Family & Genus):蝶形花科,Fabaceae锦鸡儿属
形态特征Description):灌木,高1-2米。树皮深褐色;小枝有棱,无毛。托叶三角形,硬化成针刺,长5-7毫米;叶轴脱落或硬化成针刺,针刺长7-15(25)毫米;小叶2对,羽状,有时假掌状,上部1对常较下部的为大,厚革质或硬纸质,倒卵形或长圆状倒卵形,长1-3.5厘米,宽5-15毫米,先端圆形或微缺,具刺尖或无刺尖,基部楔形或宽楔形,上面深绿色,下面淡绿色。花单生,花梗长约1厘米,中部有关节;花萼钟状,长12-14毫米,宽6-9毫米,基部偏斜;花冠黄色,常带红色,长2.8-3厘米,旗瓣狭倒卵形,具短瓣柄,翼瓣稍长于旗瓣,瓣柄与瓣片近等长,耳短小,龙骨瓣宽钝;子房无毛。荚果圆筒状,长3-3.5厘米,宽约5毫米。花期4-5月,果期7月。
分布(Distribution):
用途(Use):供观赏或做绿篱。根皮供药用,能祛风活血、舒筋、除湿利尿、止咳化痰。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 529, 531
Caragana sinica (Buc’hoz) Rehder, J. Arnold Arbor. 22: 576. 1941.
锦鸡儿 jin ji er| Fabaceae  | Caragana
Robinia sinica Buc’hoz, Pl. Nouv. Decouv. 24. 1784; Car­agana chamlagu Lamarck; C. longiunguiculata C. W. Chang; C. rosea Turczaninow ex Maximowicz var. longiunguiculata (C. W. Chang) Y. X. Liou.
Shrubs to 2 m tall. Bark dark brown. Current-year branch­lets glabrous. Leaves pinnate or sometimes digitate, 4-foliolate; petiole and rachis 0.7-1.5(-2.5) cm, caducous or persistent; leaflet blades obovate to oblong-obovate, 1-3.5 × 0.5-1.5 cm, apical pairs often largest, apex rounded and mucronate. Flowers solitary. Pedicel ca. 1 cm, articulate at middle. Calyx tube campanulate, 1.2-1.4 cm. Corolla yellow, 2.8-3 cm; standard narrowly obovate, claw short; wings basally auriculate, claw nearly as long as limb; keel broadly blunt. Ovary glabrous. Leg­ume cylindric, 3-3.5 cm. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Jul. 2n = 16, 24.
Mountain hills; below 400-1800 m. Anhui, Fujian, S Gansu, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Liaoning, Shaanxi, Shandong, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Korea; culti­vated and naturalized in Japan].






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