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朱缨花Calliandra haematocephala

时间:2018-08-14 08:25来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):朱缨花 学名( Scientific Name ): Calliandra haematocephala Hassk. 英文名( English Common Name ): stickpea 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 美蕊花 异名( Synonym ): Feuilleea haematocephala (Hassk.) Kuntze An
中文名(Chinese Name):朱缨花
学名(Scientific Name):Calliandra haematocephala Hassk.
英文名(English Common Name):stickpea
别名(Chinese Common Name):美蕊花
异名(Synonym):Feuilleea haematocephala (Hassk.) Kuntze  Anneslia haematocephala (Hassk.) Britton et P. Wilson  Feuilleea boliviana (Britton) Kuntze
科属(Family & Genus):含羞草科,Mimosaceae朱缨花属
形态特征(Description):落叶灌木或小乔木,高1-3米;枝条扩展,小枝圆柱形,褐色,粗糙。托叶卵状披针形,宿存。二回羽状复叶,总叶柄长1-2.5厘米;羽片1对,长8-13厘米;小叶7-9对,斜披针形,长2-4厘米,宽7-15毫米,中上部的小叶较大,下部的较小,先端钝而具小尖头,基部偏斜,边缘被疏柔毛;中脉略偏上缘;小叶柄长仅1毫米。头状花序腋生,直径约3厘米(连花丝),有花约25-40朵,总花梗长1-3.5厘米;花萼钟状,长约2毫米,绿色;花冠管长3.5-5毫米,淡紫红色,顶端具5裂片,裂片反折,长约3毫米,无毛;雄蕊突露于花冠之外,非常显著,雄蕊管长约6毫米,白色,管口内有钻状附属体,上部离生的花丝长约2厘米,深红色。荚果线状倒披针形,长6-11厘米,宽5-13毫米,暗棕色,成熟时由顶至基部沿缝线开裂,果瓣外反;种子5-6颗,长圆形,长7-10毫米,宽约4毫米,棕色。花期8-9月;果期10-11月。
分布(Distribution):我国台湾、福建、广东有引种,原产南美,现热带、亚热带地区常有栽培。
用途(Use):花极美丽。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 60
Calliandra haematocephala Hasskarl, Retzia. 1: 216. 1855.
朱缨花 zhu ying hua | Fabaceae  | Calliandra
Shrubs or small trees, deciduous, 1-3 m tall. Branchlets brown, cylindric, rough. Stipules persistent, ovate-lanceolate; petiole 1-2.5 cm; pinnae 1 pair, 8-13 cm; petiolules ca. 1 mm; leaflets 7-9 pairs, obliquely lanceolate, 2-4 cm × 7-15 mm, sparsely pilose along margin, midvein close to upper margin, base oblique, apex obtuse, mucronate. Heads axillary, ca. 3 cm in diam. (including filaments); peduncles 1-3.5 cm. Calyx cam­panulate, ca. 2 mm. Corolla purplish; tube 3.5-5 mm, 5-lobed; lobes reflexed, ca. 3 mm, glabrous. Stamens numerous, scarlet, very brilliant; staminal tube white, ca. 6 cm, mouth inside with a subulate appendix; filaments deep red, ca. 2 cm. Legume dull brown, linear-oblanceolate, 6-11 cm × 5-13 mm, valves elasti­cally open from apex to base along sutures when ripe, reflexed. Seeds 5 or 6, brown, oblong, 7-10 × ca. 4 mm. Fl. Aug-Sep, fr. Oct-Nov.
Cultivated in gardens of Fujian, Guangdong, Taiwan [native to South America].
This plant is grown as an ornamental.






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