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百里香Thymus mongolicus

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中文名( Chinese Name ):百里香 学名( Scientific Name ): Thymus mongolicus (Ronniger) Ronniger 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 千里香 异名( Synonym ): Thymus serpyllum var. mongolicus Ronn. Thymus s
中文名(Chinese Name):百里香
学名(Scientific Name):Thymus mongolicus (Ronniger) Ronniger
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):千里香
异名(Synonym):Thymus serpyllum var. mongolicus Ronn.  Thymus serphyllum var. mongolicus Ronn.  Thymus irtyschensis Klokov  Thymus mongolicus var. leucanthus H.L.Liu & D.Z.Ma  Thymus serphyllum subsp. mongolicus Ronniger
科属Family & Genus):唇形科(Labiatae)百里香属
形态特征Description):半灌木。茎多数,匍匐或上升;不育枝从茎的末端或基部生出,匍匐或上升,被短柔毛;花枝高(1.5)2-10厘米,在花序下密被向下曲或稍平展的疏柔毛,下部毛变短而疏,具2-4叶对,基部有脱落的先出叶。叶为卵圆形,长4-10毫米,宽2-4.5毫米,先端钝或稍锐尖,基部楔形或渐狭,全缘或稀有1-2对小锯齿,两面无毛,侧脉2-3对,在下面微突起,腺点多少有些明显,叶柄明显,靠下部的叶柄长约为叶片1/2,在上部则较短;苞叶与叶同形,边缘在下部1/3具缘毛。花序头状,多花或少花,花具短梗。花萼管状钟形或狭钟形,长4-4.5毫米,下部被疏柔毛,上部近无毛,下唇较上唇长或与上唇近相等,上唇齿短,齿不超过上唇全长1/3,三角形,具缘毛或无毛。花冠紫红、紫或淡紫、粉红色,长6.5-8毫米,被疏短柔毛,冠筒伸长,长4-5毫米,向上稍增大。小坚果近圆形或卵圆形,压扁状,光滑。花期7-8月。
分布(Distribution):产甘肃、陕西、青海、山西、河北、内蒙古;生于海拔1100-3600米多石山地、斜坡、山谷、山沟、路旁及杂草丛中。
用途(Use):
引自植物志英文版FOC Vol. 17 Page 235      
Thymus mongolicus (Ronniger) Ronniger, Acta Horti Gothob. 9: 99. 1934.
百里香 bai li xiang | Lamiaceae  | Thymus
Thymus serpyllum Linnaeus var. mongolicus Ronniger, Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlen 10: 890. 1930.
Stems numerous, trailing to ascending; vegetative shoots pubescent; fertile branches (1.5-)2-10 cm, densely retrorse pilose or slightly spreading pilose below inflorescences, sparsely fine pilose at base, 2-4-leaved. Petioles of lower stem leaves ca. 1/2 as long as blades; leaf blade ovate, 4-10 × 2-4.5 mm, glabrous, ± conspicuously glandular, base cuneate to attenuate, margin entire or 1- or 2-serrulate, apex obtuse to subacute. Inflorescences capitate; floral leaves ciliate on lower 1/3 of margin; bractlets deciduous at base. Calyx tubular-campanulate to narrowly campanulate, 4-4.5 mm, base pilose, apex subglabrous; teeth of upper lip less than 1/3 as long as lip, triangular, ciliate or glabrous; lower lip as long as to longer than upper. Corolla purple-red, purple, or reddish, 6.5-8 mm, sparsely pubescent; tube elongated, 4-5 mm, slightly dilated upward. Nutlets subglobose to ovoid, compressed. Fl. Jul-Aug.
* Stony hills, slopes, grassy areas, valleys; 1100-3600 m. Gansu, Hebei, Nei Mongol, Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi.




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