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光泽锥花Gomphostemma lucidum

时间:2013-09-25 12:11来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名 ( Chinese Name ): 光泽锥花 学名 ( Scientific Name ): Gomphostemma lucidum Wall. ex Benth. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 咸鱼郎树 异名( Synonym ): Gomphostemma javanicum subsp. lucidum (Wa
中文名Chinese Name):光泽锥花
学名Scientific Name):Gomphostemma lucidum Wall. ex Benth.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):咸鱼郎树
异名(Synonym):Gomphostemma javanicum subsp. lucidum (Wall. ex Benth.) Murata
科属(Family & Genus):唇形科(Labiatae)锥花属
形态特征(Description):草本或小灌木,粗壮,直立。茎高至1.5米,上部钝四棱形,槽不明显,被污黄色星状毡毛,下部几圆柱形,木质,粗糙,或被有残存的星状毡毛。叶长圆形,倒卵状椭圆形至倒披针形,长19-21厘米,宽3-9厘米,先端渐尖至钝,基部楔形或钝,边缘具粗齿或不明显的细齿,草质,上而干时暗褐色,粗糙,被短硬毛或短硬毛及混生的星状短硬毛,老叶的网脉下陷,下面密被污黄色星状绒毛;叶柄长1-3厘米,腹平背凸,毛被同于叶背。聚伞花序腋生,短而密集,多花,几无梗;苞片及小苞片线状披针形至线形,长7-10毫米,宽1-2毫米。花萼花时钟形,长9-10毫米,径5-6毫米,外面密被星状绒毛,10肋异常明显,萼齿三角形,长2-3毫米,先端具短针尖,果时花萼增大,破裂。花冠白色至浅黄色,长约3.5厘米,外面被微柔毛,内面在冠筒有尘状毛被,冠筒基部宽约2毫米,自1/2以上扩展,至喉部宽约10毫米,冠檐二唇形,上唇直立,圆形,长6.5毫米,宽7.5毫米,下唇长约10毫米,3裂,中裂片圆形,径约5毫米,侧裂片长4.5毫米,宽6.5毫米。雄蕊与上唇等长,花丝扁平,边缘膜质,有微毛。花柱纤细,先端不相等2浅裂,基部与子房连着处有纤毛。花盘杯形,微斜。小坚果4枚均成熟,白色,干后土黄色,扁倒卵形,长4.5-5.5毫米,宽3.5-4毫米,粗糙,有残存星状毛。花期4-7月或延至10月到翌年1月。
分布(Distribution):产广东,广西,云南;生于海拔140-1100米沟谷密林中。印度、缅甸、泰国、老挝、越南也有。
用途(Use):引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 73
Gomphostemma lucidum Wallich ex Bentham, Pl. Asiat. Rar. 2: 12. 1830.
光泽锥花 guang ze zhui hua| Lamiaceae  | Gomphostemma
Herbs or shrubs, erect, robust. Stems to 1.5 m tall, apically tawny stellate lanate, basally scabrid or sparsely stellate lanate. Petiole 1-3 cm; leaf blade 19-21 × 3-9 cm, abaxially densely gray or tawny stellate tomentose, base cuneate or obtuse, margin coarsely serrate to inconspicuously serrulate, apex acuminate to obtuse. Cymes axillary, crowded, many flowered, subsessile; bracts and bracteoles linear-lanceolate to linear, 7-10 × 1-2 mm. Calyx campanulate, 9-10 × 5-6 mm, densely stellate tomentose, dilated and eventually splitting in fruit; teeth triangular, 2-3 mm, apically short needlelike. Corolla white to yellowish, ca. 3.5 cm, puberulent; tube ca. 2 mm wide at base, ca. 10 mm wide at throat; upper lip straight, circular, ca. 6.5 × 7.5 mm; lower lip ca. 10 mm, middle lobe circular, ca. 5 mm in diam., lateral lobes ca. 4.5 × 6.5 mm. Nutlets 4, compressed obovoid, 4.5-5.5 × 3.5-4 mm, white, tawny when dry, scabrid, covered with sparse, stellate hairs. Fl. Apr-Jul and Oct-Jan.
Densely forested valleys, grassy streamside slopes; 100-1400 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Yunnan [India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam]





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