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芙蓉菊Crossostephium chinense

时间:2013-07-23 08:03来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):芙蓉菊 学名( Scientific Name ): Crossostephium chinense (A.Gray ex L.) Makino 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 香菊、玉芙蓉 异名( Synonym ): Crossostephium chinense (A.Gray e





中文名(Chinese Name):芙蓉菊
学名(Scientific Name):Crossostephium chinense (A.Gray ex L.) Makino
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):香菊、玉芙蓉
异名(Synonym):Crossostephium chinense (A.Gray ex L.) Makino  Chrysanthemum artemisioides (Less.) Kitam.  Artemisia chinense L.
科属(Family & Genus):菊科(Compositae)芙蓉菊属
形态特征(Description):半灌木,高10-40厘米,上部多分枝,密被灰色短柔毛。叶聚生枝顶,狭匙形或狭倒披针形,长2-4厘米,宽5-4毫米,全缘或有时3-5裂,顶端钝,基部渐狭,两面密被灰色短柔毛,质地厚。头状花序盘状,直径约7毫米,有长6-15毫米的细梗,生于枝端叶腋,排成有叶的总状花序;总苞半球形;总苞片3层,外中层等长,椭圆形,钝或急尖,叶质,内层较短小,矩圆形,几无毛,具宽膜质边缘。边花雌性,1列,花冠管状,长1.5毫米,顶端2-3裂齿,具腺点;盘花两性,花冠管状,长1.5毫米,顶端5裂齿,外面密生腺点。瘦果矩圆形,长约1.5毫米,基部收狭,具5(-7)棱,被腺点;冠状冠毛长约0.5毫米,撕裂状。花果期全年。
分布(Distribution):产我国中南及东南部,中南半岛、菲律宾及日本有栽培。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 20-21 Page 682, 747
Crossostephium chinensis (Linnaeus) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo). 20: 33. 1906.
芙蓉菊 fu rong ju | Asteraceae  | Crossostephium
Artemisia chinensis Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 849. 1753; Chrysanthemum artemisioides (Lessing) Kitamura; Crossostephium artemisioides Lessing; Tanacetum chinense (Linnaeus) A. Gray ex Maximowicz.
Plants 10-40 cm tall, much branched in upper part, densely gray-white pubescent. Leaves sessile, aggregated at apex of branches; leaf blade narrowly spatulate or narrowly lanceolate, 2-4 × 0.4-0.5 cm, both surfaces densely gray-white pubescent, base cuneate-attenuate, margin entire or sometimes apex 3- or 4-lobed, thick. Capitula rather small, disciform, ca. 7 mm in diam., many, in a frondose raceme along branches. Involucres hemispheric; phyllaries in 3 rows, outer and middle ones equal, elliptic, herbaceous, abaxially densely gray-white pubescent, apex obtuse or acute, inner ones oblong, small, abaxially subglabrous, margin broadly scarious. Marginal female florets in 1 row, tubular, ca. 1.5 mm, gland-dotted outside, apex 2- or 3-denticulate. Disk florets many, tubular, densely gland-dotted outside, 5-lobed. Pappus ca. 0.5 mm, coroniform, of small scales. Fl. and fr. year-round.
Littoral plant found on raised coral outcrops. Fujian, Guangdong, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Japan].
Crossostephium chinensis is rare and possibly threatened in the wild but is often cultivated for ornamental and medicinal purposes. The whole plant is used medicinally for treating infantile convulsions.

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