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金粟兰Chloranthus spicatus

时间:2013-07-22 12:53来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):金粟兰 学名( Scientific Name ): Chloranthus spicatus (Thunb.) Makino 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 珠兰 异名( Synonym ): Nigrina spicata Thunb. Nigrina spicifera Lam. Chlo






中文名(Chinese Name):金粟兰
学名(Scientific Name):Chloranthus spicatus (Thunb.) Makino
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):珠兰
异名(Synonym):Nigrina spicata Thunb.  Nigrina spicifera Lam.  Chloranthus indicus Wight  Chloranthus obtusifolius Miq.  Creodus odorifer Lour.
科属(Family & Genus):金粟兰科(Chloranthaceae)金粟兰属
形态特征(Description):半灌木,直立或稍平卧,高30-60厘米;茎圆柱形,无毛。叶对生,厚纸质,椭圆形或倒卵状椭圆形,长5-11厘米,宽2.5-5.5厘米,顶端急尖或钝,基部楔形,边缘具圆齿状锯齿,齿端有一腺体,腹面深绿色,光亮,背面淡黄绿色,侧脉6-8对,两面稍凸起;叶柄长8-18毫米,基部多少合生;托叶微小。穗状花序排列成圆锥花序状,通常顶生,少有腋生;苞片三角形;花小,黄绿色,极芳香;雄蕊3枚,药隔合生成一卵状体,上部不整齐3裂,中央裂片较大,有时末端又浅3裂,有1个2室的花药,两侧裂片较小,各有1个1室的花药;子房倒卵形。花期4-7月,果期8-9月。
分布(Distribution):作观赏用。花和根状茎可提取芳香油,鲜花极香,常用于熏茶叶。全株入药,治风湿疼痛、跌打损伤,根状茎捣烂可治疗疮。有毒,用时宜慎。
用途(Use):产云南、四川、贵州、福建及广东,生于海拔150-990米的山坡、沟谷密林下。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 4 Page 134
Chloranthus spicatus (Thunberg) Makino, Bot. Mag. (Tokyo). 16: 180. 1902.
金粟兰 jin su lan| Chloranthaceae  | Chloranthus
Nigrina spicata Thunberg, Nov. Gen. Pl. 59. 1783; Chloranthus inconspicuus Swartz.
Subshrubs erect or slightly prostrate, 30-60 cm tall. Stems terete, glabrous. Leaves opposite; petioles 0.8-1.8 cm, base ± connate; leaf blade elliptic or obovate-elliptic, 5-11 × 2.5-5.5 cm, thickly papery, glandular mucronate, pale yellowish green abaxially, deep green and shiny adaxially, base cuneate, margin crenate-serrate, apex acute or obtuse; lateral veins 6-8 pairs, slightly prominent on both surfaces. Spikes arranged in panicles, usually terminal, rarely axillary; bracts triangular. Flowers yellowish green, small, very fragrant. Stamens 3; connectives confluent and ovate, apical part irregularly 3-lobed; central lobe larger, sometimes apex shallowly 3-lobed again, with 2-loculed anther sacs; lateral lobes smaller, each with a 1-loculed anther. Ovary obovoid. Fl. Apr-Jul, fr. Aug-Sep. 2n = 30.
Forests; 200-1000 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guizhou, ?Hebei, Sichuan, Yunnan [Japan, Thailand, widely cultivated throughout SE Asia]
Used for ornamental, aromatic, and medicinal purposes.
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