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鞑靼忍冬Lonicera tatarica

时间:2013-07-19 11:57来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 鞑靼忍冬 学名( Scientific Name ): Lonicera tatarica L. 英文名( English Common Name ): Tatarian honeysuckle 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 新疆忍冬、桃色忍冬 异名( Synonym ): Caprifolium tataricum (L.) K






中文名(Chinese Name):鞑靼忍冬
学名(Scientific Name):Lonicera tatarica L.
英文名(English Common Name):Tatarian honeysuckle
别名(Chinese Common Name):新疆忍冬、桃色忍冬
异名(Synonym):Caprifolium tataricum (L.) Kuntze
科属(Family & Genus):忍冬科(Caprifoliaceae)忍冬属
形态特征(Description):落叶灌木,高达3米,全体近于无毛。冬芽小,约有4对鳞片。叶纸质,卵形或卵状矩圆形,有时矩圆形,长2-5厘米,顶端尖,稀渐尖或钝形,基部圆或近心形,稀阔楔形,两侧常稍不对称,边缘有短糙毛;叶柄长2-5毫米。总花梗纤细,长1-2厘米;苞片条状披针形或条状倒披针形,长与萼筒相近或较短,有时叶状而远超过萼筒;小苞片分离,近圆形至卵状矩圆形,长为萼筒的1/3-1/2;相邻两萼筒分离,长约2毫米,萼檐具三角形或卵形小齿;花冠粉红色或白色,长约1.5厘米,唇形,筒短于唇瓣,长5-6毫米,基部常有浅囊,上唇两侧裂深达唇瓣基部,开展,中裂较浅;雄蕊和花柱稍短于花冠,花柱被短柔毛。果实红色,圆形,直径5-6毫米,双果之一常不发育。花期5-6月,果熟期7-8月。
分布(Distribution):产新疆北部,生于海拔900-1600米的石质山坡或山沟的林缘及灌丛中。俄罗斯也有。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 19 Page 621, 633
Lonicera tatarica Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 173. 1753.
新疆忍冬 xin jiang ren dong| Caprifoliaceae  | Lonicera
Shrubs, deciduous, to 3 m tall, ± pruinose. Winter buds small, with ca. 4 pairs of ovate scales. Branches with pith becoming brown and later hollow. Petiole 2-5 mm; leaf blade ovate or ovate-oblong, sometimes oblong, 2-5 × 1-2 cm, both surfaces glabrous or sparsely pubescent, sometimes prominently pubescent, base rounded or slightly cordate, margin ciliate, apex acute or obtuse. Inflorescences axillary paired flowers; peduncle 1-2 cm; bracts linear to obovate-lanceolate, 2-7 mm; bracteoles free in 2 pairs, orbicular-ovate, to 1 mm, sometimes as long as ovaries and ciliate. Neighboring 2 ovaries free. Calyx lobes triangular-lanceolate, to 1 mm. Corolla bilabiate, pale pink to carmine-red, sometimes white or pink fading to yellow, ca. 1.5 cm; tube 5-6 mm, shallowly gibbous at base; upper lip 4 lobed, 2 lateral lobes lobed to base and spreading, middle lobes shallowly lobed; lower lip recurved. Stamens and style exserted from corolla tube. Style pubescent throughout. Berries red or yellow, globose, 5-6 mm in diam.; seeds 2-2.3 mm, smooth with concave dots. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Jun-Sep.
Forest margins, scrub; 700-1600 m. ?Hebei, Heilongjiang, Liaoning, N Xinjiang [Japan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, ?Mongolia, Russia].
(责任编辑:徐晔春)
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