织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 灌木 >

福建茶Carmona microphylla

时间:2013-07-18 07:46来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):福建茶 学名( Scientific Name ): Carmona microphylla (Lam.) G. Don 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 基及树 异名( Synonym ): Carmona heterophylla Cav.;Carmona retusa (Vahl) Ma






中文名(Chinese Name):福建茶
学名(Scientific Name):Carmona microphylla (Lam.) G. Don
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):基及树
异名(Synonym):Carmona heterophylla Cav.;Carmona retusa (Vahl) Masam.;Ehretia buxifolia Roxb.;Ehretia dentata Courch.;Ehretia microphylla Lam.;Ehretia buxifolia var. latisepala Gagnep.
科属(Family & Genus):紫草科(Boraginaceae)基及树属
形态特征(Description):灌木,高1-3米,具褐色树皮,多分枝;分枝细弱,节间长1-2厘米,幼嫩时被稀疏短硬毛;腋芽圆球形,被淡褐色绒毛。叶革质,倒卵形或匙形,长1.5-3.5厘米,宽1-2厘米,先端圆形或截形、具粗圆齿,基部渐狭为短柄,上面有短硬毛或斑点,下面近无毛。团伞花序开展,宽5-15毫米;花序梗细弱,长1-1.5厘米,被毛;花梗极短,长1-1.5毫米,或近无梗;花萼长4-6毫米,裂至近基部,裂片线形或线状倒披针形,宽0.5-0.8毫米,中部以下渐狭,被开展的短硬毛,内面有稠密的伏毛;花冠钟状,白色,或稍带红色,长4-6毫米,裂片长圆形,伸展,较筒部长;花丝长3-4毫米,着生花冠筒近基部,花药长圆形,长1.5-1.8毫米,伸出;花柱长4-6毫米,无毛。核果直径3-4毫米,内果皮圆球形,具网纹,直径2-3毫米,先端有短喙。
分布(Distribution):产广东、海南及台湾。生于低海拔平原、丘陵及空旷灌丛处。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 16 Page 337
Carmona microphylla (Lamarck) G. Don, Gen. Hist. 4: 391. 1837.
基及树 ji ji shu | Boraginaceae  | Carmona
Ehretia microphylla Lamarck, Encycl. Meth. 1: 425. 1783; Carmona heterophylla Cavanilles; E. buxifolia Roxburgh; E. buxifolia var. latisepala Gagnepain; E. dentata Courchet.
Shrubs 1-3 m tall, much branched; bark brown; branches slender, internodes 1-2 cm, sparsely hirtellous when young; buds light brown, globose, tomentose. Petiole short; leaf blade obovate to spatulate, 1.5-3.5 × 1-2 cm, leathery, abaxially subglabrous, adaxially hirtellous or spotted, base attenuate, margin coarsely crenate, apex rounded to acute. Glomerules spreading, 0.5-1.5 cm wide; peduncle slender, 1-1.5 cm, pubescent. Pedicel 1-1.5 mm, or ± obsolete. Calyx 4-6 mm, parted nearly to base; lobes linear or linear-oblanceolate, 0.5-0.8 mm, attenuate below middle, spreading hirtellous, densely appressed pubescent inside. Corolla white or slightly reddish, campanulate, 4-6 mm; lobes spreading, oblong, longer than tube. Filaments 3-4 mm, inserted near base of corolla; anthers oblong 1.5-1.8 mm, exserted. Style 4-6 mm, glabrous. Drupes 3-4 mm in diam.; endocarp globose, reticulate-wrinkled, 2-3 mm in diam., apex short beaked. 2n = 32.
Thickets. S Guangdong, Hainan, Taiwan [Indonesia, Japan (Ryukyu Islands); Australia]
Flora of Java treats Carmona microphylla as a synonym of C. retusa (Vahl) Masamune, based on Ehretia retusa Vahl (Symb. Bot. 2: 42. 1791).
(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(2)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片