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假蚝猪刺Berberis soulieana

时间:2013-12-04 16:47来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):假蚝猪刺 学名( Scientific Name ): Berberis soulieana Schneid. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 刺黄柏 异名( Synonym ): Berberis soulieana var. paucinervata Ahrendt 科属( Fam




中文名(Chinese Name):假蚝猪刺
学名(Scientific Name):Berberis soulieana Schneid.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):刺黄柏
异名(Synonym):Berberis soulieana var. paucinervata Ahrendt  
科属(Family & Genus):小檗科(Berberidaceae)小檗属
形态特征(Description):常绿灌木,高1-2米,有时可达3米。老枝圆柱形,有时具棱槽,暗灰色,具稀疏疣点,幼枝灰黄色,圆柱形;茎刺粗状,三分叉,腹面扁平,长1-2.5厘米。叶革质,坚硬,长圆形、长圆状椭圆形或长圆状倒卵形,长3.5-10厘米,宽1-2.5厘米,先端急尖,具1硬刺尖,基部楔形,上面暗绿色,中脉凹陷,背面黄绿色,中脉明显隆起,不被白粉,两面侧脉和网脉不显,叶缘平展,每边具5-18刺齿;叶柄长仅1-2毫米。花7-20朵簇生;花梗长5-11毫米;花黄色;小苞片2,卵状三角形,长约2.2毫米,宽约1.5毫米,先端急尖,带红色;萼片3轮,外萼片卵形,长约3毫米,宽约2.4毫米,中萼片近圆形,长约5毫米,宽约4毫米,内萼片倒卵状长圆形,长约7毫米,宽约5毫米;花瓣倒卵形,长约5毫米,宽3.8-4毫米,先端缺裂,基部呈短爪,具2枚分离腺体;雄蕊长约3毫米,药隔略延伸,先端圆形;胚珠2-3枚。浆果倒卵状长圆形,长7-8毫米,直径约5毫米,熟时红色,顶端具明显宿存花柱,被白粉。种子2-3枚。花期3-4月,果期6-9月。
分布(Distribution):产于湖北、四川、陕西、甘肃。生于山沟河边、灌丛中、山坡、林中或林缘。海拔600-1800米。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 19 Page 722, 747
Berberis soulieana C. K. Schneider, Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2. 5: 449. 1905.
假豪猪刺 jia hao zhu ci | Berberidaceae  | Berberis
Berberis soulieana var. paucinervata Ahrendt; B. stenophylla Hance (1882), not Lindley (1864).
Shrubs, evergreen, 1-2(-3) m tall. Branches dark gray, terete, sometimes sulcate, scarcely verruculose; shoots grayish yellow, terete; spines 3-fid, adaxially flat, 1-2.5 cm, stout. Petiole 1-2 mm; leaf blade abaxially yellow-green, adaxially dark green, oblong, oblong-elliptic, or oblong-obovate, 3.5-10 × 1-2.5 cm, very rigidly leathery, abaxially not pruinose, midvein obviously raised, adaxially with impressed midvein, both surfaces with indistinct lateral and reticulate veins, base cuneate, margin 5-18-spinose-serrate on each side, apex acute, aristate. Flowers 7-20-fascicled. Pedicels 5-11 mm; bractlets 2, reddish, ovate-triangular, ca. 2.2 × 1.5 mm, apex acute. Sepals in 3 whorls; outer sepals ovate, ca. 3 × 2.4 mm; median sepals suborbicular, ca. 5 × 4 mm; inner sepals obovate-oblong, ca. 7 × 5 mm. Petals obovate, ca. 5 × 3.8-4 mm, base shortly clawed, with separate glands, apex emarginate. Stamens ca. 3 mm; anther connective slightly prolonged, rounded. Ovules 2 or 3. Berry red when mature, obovoid-oblong, 7-8 × ca. 5 mm, pruinose, style persistent; seeds 2 or 3. Fl. Mar-Apr, fr. Jun-Sep.
● Thickets, streamsides, forests, slopes; 600-1800 m. Gansu, Hubei, Shaanxi, Sichuan.
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