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长柱小檗Berberis lempergiana

时间:2013-12-04 16:37来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):长柱小檗 学名( Scientific Name ): Berberis lempergiana Ahrendt 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 天台小檗 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 小檗科(Berberidaceae)小檗






中文名(Chinese Name):长柱小檗
学名(Scientific Name):Berberis lempergiana Ahrendt
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):天台小檗
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):小檗科(Berberidaceae)小檗属
形态特征(Description):常绿灌木,高1-2米。老枝深灰色,具稀疏黑色疣点,幼枝淡灰黄色;茎刺三分叉,粗壮,长1-3厘米,近圆柱形。叶革质,长圆状椭圆形或披针形,长3.5-8厘米,宽1-2.5厘米,先端渐尖,基部楔形,上面亮深绿色,中脉凹陷,侧脉微显,网脉不显,背面淡绿色,干后褐色稍有光泽,中脉明显隆起,侧脉和网脉不显,不被白粉,叶缘平展,每边具5-12细小刺齿;叶柄长1-5毫米。花3-7朵簇生;花梗长7-15毫米,多少带红色;花黄色;小苞片卵形,长约1.3毫米,红色;萼片3轮,外萼片卵状椭圆形,长约2.5毫米,宽约2毫米,中萼片卵状椭圆形,长约5.5毫米,宽约4毫米,内萼片倒卵形,长约7毫米,宽约6毫米;花瓣长圆状倒卵形,长约6毫米,宽约4毫米,先端缺裂,裂片先端圆形,基部楔形,具2枚邻接腺体;雄蕊长约5毫米,药隔先端明显延伸,平截;子房含2-3枚胚珠,近无柄。浆果长圆状椭圆形或椭圆形,长7-10毫米,直径5-5.5毫米,熟时深紫色,顶端具宿存花柱,长约1毫米,被白粉。种子2-3枚,倒卵状球形或椭圆形。花期4-5月,果期7-10月。
分布(Distribution):产浙江,生于海拔1200米的林下、林缘、灌丛或沟谷溪边。
用途(Use):民间以其根皮及茎内皮代黄檗用,具抗菌消炎之效。用于治急性肝炎、胆囊炎、痢疾等症。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 19 Page 722, 746
Berberis lempergiana Ahrendt, Gard. Chron., ser. 3. 109: 101. 1941.
天台小檗 tian tai xiao bo | Berberidaceae  | Berberis
Shrubs, evergreen, 1-2 m tall. Branches deep gray, sparsely black verruculose; shoots pale grayish yellow; spines 3-fid, subterete, 1-3 cm, stout. Petiole 1-5 mm; leaf blade abaxially pale green, brownish yellow when dry, slightly shiny, adaxially shiny, dark green, oblong-elliptic or lanceolate, 3.5-8 × 1-2.5 cm, leathery, abaxially not pruinose, midvein obviously raised, lateral and reticulate veins indistinct, adaxially with impressed midvein, lateral veins slightly visible, reticulate veins indistinct, base cuneate, margin 5-12-spinose-serrate on each side, apex acuminate. Flowers 3-7-fascicled. Pedicels reddish, 7-15 mm; bractlets red, ovate, ca. 1.3 mm. Sepals in 3 whorls; outer sepals ovate-elliptic, ca. 2.5 × 2 mm; median sepals ovate-elliptic, ca. 5.5 × 4 mm; inner sepals obovate, ca. 7 × 6 mm. Petals oblong-obovate, ca. 6 × 4 mm, base cuneate, with contiguous glands, apex emarginate with rounded lobes. Stamens ca. 5 mm; anther connective obviously prolonged, truncate. Ovules 2 or 3, subsessile. Berry deep purple, oblong-ellipsoid or ellipsoid, 7-10 × 5-5.5 mm, pruinose, style persistent; seeds 2 or 3, obovoid-globose or ellipsoid. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Jul-Oct.
● Forests, thickets, streamsides; ca. 1200 m. Zhejiang.
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