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涝峪小檗Berberis gilgiana

时间:2013-12-04 16:37来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 涝峪小檗 学名( Scientific Name ): Berberis gilgiana Fedde 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 小檗科(Berberidaceae)小檗属 形态特征(




中文名(Chinese Name):涝峪小檗
学名(Scientific Name):Berberis gilgiana Fedde
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):小檗科(Berberidaceae)小檗属
形态特征(Description):落叶灌木,高1-2米。老枝圆柱形,灰褐色,幼枝有时紫红色,微被柔毛;茎刺通常单一或三分叉,长5-15毫米,与枝同色。叶纸质,倒卵状披针形或倒卵形,长1.5-4厘米,宽4-15毫米,先端急尖,基部渐狭,上面暗绿色,疏被短柔毛,中脉微凹陷,侧脉显著,背面淡绿色,密被柔毛,中脉明显隆起,侧脉微隆起,两面网脉显著,叶缘平展,全缘或每边具2-9细小刺齿;叶柄长1-2毫米。穗状总状花序,长3-6厘米,包括花序梗长1-3厘米,被短柔毛,具花10-25朵;苞片披针形,长1-2毫米;花梗细弱,长3-5毫米,无毛;花鲜黄色;小苞片卵形,先端急尖;萼片2轮,外萼片倒卵状圆形,长2-2.3毫米,宽约1.5毫米,内萼片倒卵形,长约2.5毫米,宽约2毫米;花瓣椭圆形,长约3毫米,宽约2毫米,先端缺裂或全缘,基部呈爪,具2枚分离腺体;雄蕊长约2毫米,药隔先端圆钝;胚珠1-2枚。浆果红色,长圆形、长8-9毫米,直径5-6毫米,顶端无宿存花柱,微被白粉;含种子1-2枚。种子紫褐色。花期4-5月,果期8-10月。
分布(Distribution):产于陕西、湖北。生于山坡或山谷两岸。海拔800-2000米。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 19 Page 717, 752
Berberis gilgiana Fedde, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 36(Beibl. 82): 43. 1905.
涝峪小檗 lao yu xiao bo| Berberidaceae  | Berberis
Shrubs, deciduous, 1-2 m tall. Branches gray-brown, terete; shoots purplish red, sometimes slightly pubescent; spines simple or 3-fid, concolorous, 5-15 mm. Petiole 1-2 mm; leaf blade abaxially pale green, adaxially dark green, obovate-lanceolate or obovate, 1.5-4 × 0.4-1.5 cm, papery, abaxially densely pubescent, midvein obviously raised, lateral veins slightly raised, adaxially sparsely puberulous, midvein slightly impressed, lateral veins conspicuous, both surfaces with conspicuous reticulate veins, base attenuate, margin entire or 2-9-spinulose-serrulate on each side, apex acute. Inflorescence a spikelike raceme, 10-25-flowered, 3-6 cm including pubescent peduncle 1-3 cm; bracts lanceolate, 1-2 mm. Pedicels 3-5 mm, slender, glabrous; bractlets ovate, apex acute. Sepals in 2 whorls; outer sepals obovate-orbicular, 2-2.3 × ca. 1.5 mm; inner sepals obovate, ca. 2.5 × 2 mm. Petals elliptic, ca. 3 × 2 mm, base clawed, with separate glands, apex emarginate or entire. Stamens ca. 2 mm; anther connective rounded, obtuse. Ovules 1 or 2. Berry red, oblong, 8-9 × 5-6 mm, slightly pruinose, style not persistent; seeds 1 or 2, purplish brown. Fl. Apr-May, fr. Aug-Oct.
● Slopes, valleys; 800-2000 m. Hubei, Shaanxi.
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