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堆花小檗Berberis aggregata

时间:2013-12-04 16:38来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):堆花小檗 学名( Scientific Name ): Berberis aggregata Schneid. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 黄檗子、全缘堆花小檗 异名( Synonym ): Berberis brevipaniculata Schneid. Berberi






中文名(Chinese Name):堆花小檗
学名(Scientific Name):Berberis aggregata Schneid.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):黄檗子、全缘堆花小檗
异名(Synonym):Berberis brevipaniculata Schneid.  Berberis aggregata var. integrifolia Ahrendt 
科属(Family & Genus):小檗科(Berberidaceae)小檗属
形态特征(Description):半常绿或落叶灌木,高2-3米。老枝暗棕色,无毛,具棱槽,幼枝淡褐色,微被短柔毛,具稀疏黑色疣点;茎刺三分叉,长8-15毫米,淡黄色。叶近革质,倒卵状长圆形至倒卵形,长8-25毫米,宽4-15毫米,先端圆钝,具1刺尖头,基部楔形,上面暗黄绿色,中脉微凹陷或扁平,背面淡黄绿色或灰白色,中脉隆起,两面网脉显著,叶缘平展,每边具2-8刺齿,有时全缘;叶柄短或近无柄。短圆锥花序具10-30朵花,紧密,长1-2.5厘米,近无总梗;花梗长1-3毫米;苞片稍长于花梗;花淡黄色;小苞片卵形,先端急尖,长约1毫米;萼片2轮,外萼片长约2.5毫米,宽约1.8毫米,内萼片长约3.5毫米,宽约2.5毫米,两者均为椭圆形;花瓣倒卵形,长约3.5毫米,宽约2毫米,先端缺裂,基部缢缩呈爪,具2枚长圆形腺体;雄蕊长2-2.5毫米,药隔延伸,先端钝;胚珠2枚,近无柄。浆果近球形或卵球形,长6-7毫米,红色,顶端具明显宿存花柱,不被白粉。花期5-6月,果期7-9月。
分布(Distribution):产青海、甘肃、四川、湖北及山西,生于海拔1000-3500米的山谷灌丛中、山坡路旁等处。
用途(Use):根含小檗碱,供药用,有清热解毒,消炎抗菌的功效。主治目赤、咽喉肿痛、腹泻、牙痛等症。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 19 Page 716, 767
Berberis aggregata C. K. Schneider, Bull. Herb. Boissier, sér. 2. 8: 203. 1908.
堆花小檗 dui hua xiao bo | Berberidaceae  | Berberis
Berberis aggregata var. integrifolia Ahrendt; B. brevipaniculata C. K. Schneider.
Shrubs, semi-evergreen or deciduous, 2-3 m tall. Branches dark brown, sulcate, glabrous; shoots pale brown, slightly puberulous, sparsely black verruculose; spines 3-fid, pale yellow, 8-15 mm. Leaves subsessile or shortly petiolate; leaf blade abaxially pale yellow-green or grayish white, adaxially dark yellow-green, obovate-oblong or obovate, 8-25 × 4-15 mm, subleathery, abaxially with raised midvein, adaxially with slightly impressed midvein, both surfaces with conspicuous reticulate veins, base cuneate, margin 2-8-spinose-serrate on each side, sometimes entire, apex rounded, obtuse, aristate. Inflorescence a congested panicle, 10-30-flowered, 1-2.5 cm, subsessile; bracts slightly longer than pedicels, 1.5-3 mm. Pedicels 1-3 mm; bractlets ovate, ca. 1 mm, apex acute. Sepals in 2 whorls, elliptic; outer sepals ca. 2.5 × 1.8 mm; inner sepals ca. 3.5 × 2.5 mm. Petals obovate, ca. 3.5 × 2 mm, base clawed, with oblong glands, apex emarginate. Stamens 2-2.5 mm; anther connective prolonged, obtuse. Ovules 2, subsessile. Berry red, subglobose or ovoid-globose, 6-7 mm, not pruinose, style persistent. Fl. May-Jun, fr. Jul-Sep.
● Thickets, forests, roadsides, floodlands; 1000-3500 m. Gansu, Hubei, Qinghai, Shanxi, Sichuan.
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