织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 灌木 >

钉头果Gomphocarpus fruticosus

时间:2013-07-16 15:08来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):钉头果 学名( Scientific Name ):Gomphocarpus fruticosus 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名 ( Synonym ): Asclepias fruticosa L. Asclepias cornuta (Decne.) Cordem. Asclepias




中文名(Chinese Name):钉头果
学名(Scientific Name):Gomphocarpus fruticosus
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名Synonym):Asclepias fruticosa L.  Asclepias cornuta (Decne.) Cordem.  Asclepias crinita (G.Bertol.) N.E.Br.  Asclepias virgata Balb.  Gomphocarpus angustifolius (Schweigg.) Link  Gomphocarpus arachnoideus E.Fourn.  Gomphocarpus crinitus G.Bertol.  Gomphocarpus fruticosus f. brasiliensis Briq.
科属Family & Genus):萝藦科,Asclepiadaceae,钉头果属Asclepias
形态特征Description):灌木,具乳汁;茎具微毛。叶线形,长6-10厘米,宽5-8毫米,顶端渐尖,基部渐狭而成叶柄,无毛,叶缘反卷;侧脉不明显。聚伞花序生于枝的顶端叶腋间,长4-6厘米,着花多朵;花萼裂片披针形,外面被微毛,内面有腺体;花蕾圆球状;花冠宽卵圆形或宽椭圆形,反拆,被缘毛;副花冠红色兜状;花药顶端具薄膜片;花粉块长圆形,下垂。蓇葖肿胀,卵圆状,端部渐尖而成喙,长5-6厘米,直径约3厘米,外果皮具软刺,刺长1厘米;种子卵圆形,顶端具白色绢质种毛;种毛长约3厘米。花期夏季,果期秋季。
分布(Distribution):原产地中海,现欧洲各地也有栽培。
用途(Use):我国华北及云南栽培作药用。全株浸剂可治小儿肠胃病;茎片作催嚏剂;叶可治肺痨;乳汁可作灌肠剂。茎皮和种毛含纤维素81.5%,可作填充物。
引自中国植物志英文版 FOC Vol. 16 Page 204
Gomphocarpus fruticosus (Linnaeus) W. T. Aiton, Hortus Kew. ed. 2. 2: 80. 1811.
钉头果 ding tou guo  | Asclepiadaceae  | Gomphocarpus
Gomphocarpus fruticosus
Asclepias fruticosa Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 216. 1753.
Shrubs to 2 m tall. Stems puberulent. Leaves opposite, short petiolate; leaf blade linear or linear-lanceolate, 6-10 cm × 5-8 mm, glabrous, apex acuminate, margin revolute; lateral veins inconspicuous. Cymes 4-6 cm. Flower buds globose. Sepals lanceolate, puberulent. Corolla white; lobes broadly ovate or elliptic, reflexed, ciliate. Corona lobes dark, hood-like. Follicles inflated, 5-6 × ca. 3 cm, apex acuminate, long beaked, spines of pericarp soft, ca. 1 cm. Seeds ovate; coma ca. 3 cm. Fl. summer. 2n = 22.
Cultivated for medicine in N China, Guangxi, and Yunnan [Africa; widely introduced]
Decoction of all parts is used as a medicine for stomach trouble. The leaves are used against pulmonary tuberculosis. Floss from seeds is used for stuffing pillows.
(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(3)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片