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小驳骨Justicia gendarussa

时间:2013-07-15 16:29来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
小驳骨,Justicia gendarussa,接骨草






中文名(Chinese Name):小驳骨
学名(Scientific Name):Justicia gendarussa L. f.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):接骨草
异名(Synonym): Gendarussa vulgaris Nees;Ecbolium gendarussa (Linn. f.) Kuntze 
科属(Family & Genus):爵床科(Acanthaceae)驳骨草属
形态特征(Description):多年生草本或亚灌木、直立、无毛,高约1米;茎圆柱形,节膨大,枝多数,对生,嫩枝常深紫色。叶纸质,狭披针形至披针状线形,长5-10厘米,宽5-15毫米左右,顶端渐尖,基部渐狭,全缘;中脉粗大,在上面平坦,在背面呈半柱状凸起,和侧脉每边6-8条,均呈深紫色或有时侧脉半透明;叶柄长在10毫米以内,或上部的叶有时近无柄。穗状花序顶生,下部间断,上部密花;苞片对生,在花序下部的1或2对呈叶状,比萼长,上部的小,披针状线形,比尊短,内含花2至数朵;萼裂片披针状线形,长约4毫米,无毛或被疏柔毛;花冠白色或粉红色,长1.2-1.4厘米,上唇长圆状卵形,下唇浅3裂。蒴果长1.2厘米,无毛。花期春季。
分布(Distribution):产台湾、福建、广东、香港、海南、广西、云南。见于村旁或路边的灌丛中,有时栽培。分布于印度、斯里兰卡、中南半岛至马来半岛。
用途(Use):据《广州植物志》载:“味辛,性温,治风邪,理跌打,调酒服;梅县群众则摘取其茎叶煎水,趁热洗涤筋骨患处,闻有舒筋活络之效。”
引自中国植物志英文版
FOC Vol. 19 
Justicia gendarussa N. L. Burman, Fl. Indica. 10. 1768.
小驳骨 xiao bo gu
Gendarussa vulgaris Nees. | Acanthaceae  | Justicia
Subshrubs 0.7-1.5 cm tall, much branched. Stems subterete, swollen at nodes, glabrous. Petiole 3-10 mm; leaf blade narrowly lanceolate, 6-10 × 1-1.5 cm, glabrous, secondary veins 5-8 on each side of midvein, base cuneate to attenuate, margin subsinuate, apex acute to shortly acuminate. Spikes terminal or axillary, 3-12 cm, interrupted, usually in a leafy panicle; peduncle 0.5-1.5 cm; bracts triangular, 2-6 × 1-2.5 mm, basal ones longer than calyx then gradually smaller with apicalmost ones shorter than calyx, margin ciliate, apex acute; bracteoles elliptic to linear-lanceolate, ca. 3 × 1 mm, margin ciliate, apex acute. Calyx ca. 5 mm, 5-lobed; lobes linear-lanceolate, 3-4 × ca. 0.5 mm, subequal, apex acuminate. Corolla creamy white, 1.2-1.5 cm; tube basally cylindric and ca. 2 mm wide for 8-9 mm; lower lip violet dotted basally, cuneate-obovate, 6-10 mm broad, 3-lobed, lobes oblanceolate and 3-5 × ca. 3.5 mm; upper lip violet blotched, triangular, ca. 7 × 3.5 mm, 2-cleft. Stamens exserted; filaments 3-6 mm, glabrous; anther thecae oblong, ca. 1.2 mm, superposed, lower one spurred at base, upper one muticous. Ovary glabrous; style ca. 1 cm, glabrous; stigma capitate, shortly 2-lobed. Capsule clavate, ca. 1.2 cm. Fl. Jan-Apr. 2n = 28, 30.
Roadsides, thickets. Naturalized or cultivated in Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, and Yunnan [native to or naturalized in Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam; widely cultivated].
Justicia gendarussa is native to S and SE Asia but is widely cultivated and naturalized. Its actual native distribution is not certain because it is often not clear whether particular collections are native.
(责任编辑:徐晔春)
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