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南青杞Solanum seaforthianum

时间:2013-11-09 17:12来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):南青杞 学名( Scientific Name ): Solanum seaforthianum Andrews 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Solanum kerrii Bonati Solanum prunifolium Roem. Schult. Solanu
中文名(Chinese Name):南青杞
学名(Scientific Name):Solanum seaforthianum Andrews
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Solanum kerrii Bonati  Solanum prunifolium Roem. & Schult.  Solanum tenuifolium Dunal  Solanum botryophorum Ridl.  Solanum cyrrhosum Dunal  Solanum cirrhosum Dunal  Solanum salignum Willd. ex Roem. & Schult.  Solanum venustum Kunth  Solanum seaforthianum var. disjunctum O.E.Schulz
科属Family & Genus):
形态特征Description):无刺木质藤本,高达1米,近无毛。叶互生,长宽均约4-8厘米,羽状5-9裂,以7裂的最多,裂片全缘,互生,卵形至长圆形,长1.5-4.5厘米,宽0.5-2厘米,先端渐尖或短尖,基部不相等,两面均在脉上被尘土色的微柔毛,在上端的无柄,贴生于中脉上,下端的具长约3毫米的短柄或无柄,总叶柄长1.8-4厘米,具微柔毛。聚伞式圆锥花序顶生或对叶生,无毛,多花,总花梗长达4厘米,长于或等于叶柄,花梗长约1厘米,顶端稍膨大;萼小,杯状,直径1.5毫米,5浅裂,裂片不明显,成三角状凸起;花冠紫色,整齐,花冠筒长约1.5毫米,冠檐长约8-11毫米,5深裂,裂片卵状长圆形、长约5-8毫米,宽约2.5-4.5毫米、无毛;花丝长约2-3毫米,光滑,花药长约3-4毫米,顶孔向内,花柱光滑,丝状,长达1毫米,柱头头状。果未见。
分布(Distribution):
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 17 Page 320   
Solanum seaforthianum Andrews, Bot. Repos. 8: t. 504. 1808.
南青杞 nan qing qi| Solanaceae  | Solanum
Solanum kerrii Bonati.
Vines slender, woody, 1-5 m, glabrescent; pubescence of simple hairs. Leaves simple or pinnately compound; petiole 2-5 cm; leaf blade 4-10 × 4-7 cm, puberulent along veins, base acute, obtuse, truncate, or cordate, usually pinnately (5-)7(-9)-parted; lobes ovate to oblong or lanceolate, unequal, 1.5-5 × 0.5-2.5 cm, acute or acuminate. Inflorescences leaf opposed or appearing terminal, showy, many-flowered open panicles; peduncle to 4 cm, branched. Pedicel 5-10 mm, abscissing nearly at base. Calyx cup-shaped, 1-1.5 × 2-3 mm, truncate or with minute, short deltate lobes, glabrous. Corolla usually purple, rarely white, 0.9-1.3 cm; lobes ovate-oblong, 5-8 × 2.5-4.5 mm, glabrous. Filaments 2-3 mm; anthers free, 3-4 mm. Style ca. 1 cm. Fruit (not seen in Chinese plants) red, juicy, globose, 1-2 cm. Seeds discoid, 2-3.5 mm in diam.
Near roads, cultivated in gardens; 600-1300 m. Yunnan (Mengzi Xian) [perhaps native of Caribbean region, widely cultivated and naturalized in many countries].
 






 
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