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小果蔷薇Rosa cymosa

时间:2013-11-07 12:32来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 小果蔷薇 学名( Scientific Name ): Rosa cymosa Tratt. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 山木香 异名( Synonym ): Rosa cavaleriei H. Lv. Rosa chaffanjonii H. Lv. et Vaniot Rosa
中文名(Chinese Name):小果蔷薇
学名(Scientific Name):Rosa cymosa Tratt.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):山木香
异名(Synonym):Rosa cavaleriei H. Lév.  Rosa chaffanjonii H. Lév. et Vaniot  Rosa banksiae var. microcarpa Regel  Rosa microcarpa Lindl.  Rosa indica L.  Rosa amoyensis Hance  Rosa sorbiflora Focke  Rosa fukienensis F. P. Metcalf  Rosa esquirolii H. Lév. et Vaniot  Rosa bodinieri H. Lév. et Vaniot  Rosa fragariiflora Ser.  Rosa fragariifolia Ser. ex Steud.  Rosa chaffonjonii H.L‚v. & Vaniot  Rosa patrum H.L‚v. ex Rehder
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)蔷薇属
形态特征(Description):攀援灌木,高2-5米;小枝圆柱形,无毛或稍有柔毛,有钩状皮刺。小叶3-5,稀7;连叶柄长5-10厘米;小叶片卵状披针形或椭圆形,稀长圆披针形,长2.5-6厘米,宽8-25毫米,先端渐尖,基部近圆形,边缘有紧贴或尖锐细锯齿,两面均无毛,上面亮绿色,下面颜色较淡,中脉突起,沿脉有稀疏长柔毛;小叶柄和叶轴无毛或有柔毛,有稀疏皮刺和腺毛;托叶膜质,离生,线形,早落。花多朵成复伞房花序;花直径2-2.5厘米,花梗长约1.5厘米,幼时密被长柔毛,老时逐渐脱落近于无毛;萼片卵形,先端渐尖,常有羽状裂片,外面近无毛,稀有刺毛,内面被稀疏白色绒毛,沿边缘较密;花瓣白色,倒卵形,先端凹,基部楔形;花柱离生,稍伸出花托口外,与雄蕊近等长,密被白色柔毛。果球形,直径4-7毫米,红色至黑褐色,萼片脱落。花期5-6月,果期7-11月。
分布(Distribution):产江西、江苏、浙江、安徽、湖南、四川、云南、贵州、福建、广东、广西、台湾等省区,多生于海拔250-1300米向阳山坡、路旁、溪边或丘陵地。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 379     
Rosa cymosa Trattinnick, Ros. Monogr. 1: 87. 1823.
小果蔷薇 xiao guo qiang wei| Rosaceae  | Rosa
Rosa amoyensis Hance; R. banksiae W. T. Aiton var. microcarpa Regel; R. bodinieri H. Léveillé & Vaniot; R. cavaleriei H. Léveillé; R. chaffonjonii H. Léveillé & Vaniot; R. esquirolii H. Léveillé & Vaniot; R. fukienensis Metcalf; R. indica Linnaeus, p.p.; R. microcarpa Lindley; R. sorbiflora Focke.
Shrubs evergreen, climbing or scandent, 2–5 m. Branchlets terete, glabrous or pubescent; prickles scattered, hooked, to 6 mm, flat, gradually tapering to a broad base. Leaves including petiole 5–10 cm; stipules caducous, free, linear, membranous, margin entire, apex acuminate; rachis and petiole glabrous or pubescent, often sparsely prickly, rarely glandular-pubescent; leaflets 3–5, rarely 7, ovate-lanceolate or elliptic, 2.5–6 × 0.8–2.5 cm, leathery, both surfaces glabrous, abaxially puberulous along midvein or both surfaces densely puberulous, midvein prominent, adaxially shiny, base subrounded, margin acutely serrulate, apex acuminate. Flowers numerous, 2–2.5 m in diam., in compound corymbs; pedicel ca. 1.5 cm, pubescent when young, glabrescent; bracts lanceolate, margin sparsely glandular-pubescent, apex acuminate. Hypanthium globose or ovoid, glabrous. Sepals 5, deciduous, ovate, abaxially subglabrous, rarely setose, adaxially sparsely white tomentose, margin often pinnately lobed, apex acuminate. Petals 5, fragrant, white or yellow, obovate, base cuneate, apex emarginate. Styles free, slightly exserted, nearly equaling stamens, densely white pubescent. Hip red, black, purple, or black-brown, globose, 4–7 mm in diam. Fl. May–Jun, fr. Jul–Nov.
Hills, open slopes, stream sides, roadsides; 200--1800 m. Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, E Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Laos, Vietnam].


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