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木香花Rosa banksiae

时间:2013-11-07 12:30来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ): 木香花 学名( Scientific Name ): Rosa banksiae Aiton 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 木香 异名( Synonym ): Rosa banksiae var. alboplena Rehder Rosa banksiae f. aculeata Fock
中文名(Chinese Name):木香花
学名(Scientific Name):Rosa banksiae Aiton
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):木香
异名(Synonym):Rosa banksiae var. alboplena Rehder  Rosa banksiae f. aculeata Focke ex H.L‚v., nom. nud.  Rosa banksiae f. albiflora H.L‚v., nom. nud.  Rosa banksiae f. subinermis Focke ex H.L‚v., nom. nud.  Rosa banksiae 'Alba'
科属(Family & Genus):蔷薇科(Rosaceae)蔷薇属
形态特征(Description):攀援小灌木,高可达6米;小叶3-5,稀7,小叶片椭圆状卵形或长圆披针形,先端急尖或稍钝,基部近圆形或宽楔形,边缘有紧贴细锯齿。花小形,多朵成伞形花序,花瓣重瓣至半重瓣,白色。
分布(Distribution):产四川、云南,生海拔500-1300米溪边、路旁或山坡灌丛中。
用途(Use):根皮含鞣质19%,可供制栲胶,又供药用,称红根,能活血、调经、消肿。
引自中国植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 9 Page 378
Rosa banksiae W. T. Aiton, Hortus Kew. 3: 258. 1811.
木香花 mu xiang hua| Rosaceae  | Rosa
Rosa banksiae var. alboplena Rehder.
Shrubs evergreen, climbing, to 6 m tall. Old branches with large, rigid prickles; branchlets red-brown, terete, glabrous; prickles scattered, curved, short, to 5 mm, flat, gradually tapering to a broad base; branches of cultivated plants sometimes not prickly. Leaves including petiole 4–6 cm; stipules caducous, free, linear-lanceolate, membranous, margin entire, apex acuminate; rachis and petiole sparsely pubescent, usually lacking small prickles; leaflets 3–5, rarely 7, elliptic-ovate or oblong-lanceolate, 2–5 × 0.8–1.8 cm, leathery, abaxially pubescent along veins, with prominent midvein, adaxially glabrous, shiny, base subrounded or broadly cuneate, margin depressed-serrulate, apex acute or slightly acute. Flowers 4–15, in simple umbels or corymbs, 1.5–2.5 cm in diam.; pedicel 2–3 cm, glabrous; bracts caducous, linear, small. Hypanthium globose or ovoid, glabrous. Sepals 5, deciduous, ovate, abaxially glabrous, adaxially white pubescent, margin entire, apex long acuminate. Petals 5, semi-double, or double, fragrant or not, white or yellow, obovate, base cuneate, apex rounded. Carpels numerous; styles free, much shorter than stamens, densely pubescent. Hip orange or black-brown, globose or ovoid, 5–7 mm in diam., glabrous, with deciduous sepals. Fl. Apr–May, fr. Aug–Oct. 2n = 14*, 28*.
Thickets, scrub, valleys, stream sides, roadsides; 500--2200 m. Gansu, Guizhou, Henan, Hubei, Jiangsu, Sichuan, Yunnan; also widely cultivated in China.
 






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