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川素馨Jasminum urophyllum

时间:2013-10-23 14:06来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):川素馨 学名( Scientific Name ): Jasminum urophyllum Hemsl. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 台湾素馨,川西素馨 异名( Synonym ): Jasminum brevidentatum Chia Jasminum cathayens
中文名(Chinese Name):川素馨
学名(Scientific Name):Jasminum urophyllum Hemsl.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):台湾素馨,川西素馨
异名(Synonym):Jasminum brevidentatum Chia  Jasminum cathayense Chun ex Chia  Jasminum urophyllum var. wilsonii Rehder  Jasminum brevidentatum var. ferrugineum L. C. Chia  Jasminum urophyllum var. henryi Rehder  Jasminum taiwanianum Masam.
科属(Family & Genus):木犀科(Oleaceae)素馨属
形态特征(Description):攀援灌木,高2-3米。小枝纤细,具条纹,无毛至密被柔毛。叶对生,三出复叶;叶柄 长1-4厘米,具沟;小叶片革质,宽卵形、长椭圆形、卵形,狭卵形至披针形,先端渐尖至尾状渐尖,基部圆形或微心形,叶缘反卷,两面光滑或下面被贴伏短柔毛,基出脉3条,直达小叶片顶端;顶生小叶片长(3-)6-12.5厘米,宽1.3-4厘米,小叶柄长0.8-2.5厘米,侧生小叶片较小,长2-7.5厘米,宽0.8-2.5厘米,小叶柄长0.5-5毫米。伞房花序或伞房状聚伞花序顶生或腋生,有花3-10朵,疏被至密被柔毛;苞片线形,长0.5-5毫米;花梗长0.5-4厘米,无毛,稀密被短柔毛;花萼无毛至密被短柔毛,萼齿小,钝三角形或尖三角形,长不超过2毫米;花冠白色,花冠管长1.2-1.8厘米,裂片5-6枚,卵形,长5-6(-10)毫米,宽3-4毫米,先端圆钝或锐尖。果椭圆形或近球形,长0.8-1.2厘米,径0.5-1.2厘米,成熟时呈紫黑色。花期6-10月,果期8-10月。
分布(Distribution):产于台湾、湖北、湖南、广西西部、四川、贵州、云南绥江。生山谷、林中,海拔900- 2 200米。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 15 Page 311
Jasminum urophyllum Hemsley in F. B. Forbes & Hemsley, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 26: 81. 1889.
川素馨 chuan su xin | Oleaceae  | Jasminum
Jasminum brevidentatum L. C. Chia; J. brevidentatum var. ferrugineum L. C. Chia; J. cathayense Chun ex L. C. Chia; J. taiwanianum Masamune; J. urophyllum var. henryi Rehder; J. urophyllum var. wilsonii Rehder.
Shrubs scandent, 2-3 m. Branchlets striped, glabrous to densely villous. Leaves opposite, 3-foliolate or sometimes simple; petiole 0.5-4 cm; Leaf and leaflet blade ovate, elliptic, to lanceolate, leathery, glabrous or abaxially pubescent, 3-veined, base rounded or subcordate, sometimes cuneate, apex acuminate to caudate-acuminate; blade of simple leaves 5-17 × 2-5 cm; terminal leaflet blade (3-)6-12.5 × 1.3-4 cm, with petiolule 0.8-2.5 cm, lateral ones 2-7.5 × 0.8-2.5 cm, with petiolule 0.5-5 mm. Corymbs or corymbose cymes terminal or axillary, 3-13-flowered, glabrous to pubescent; bracts linear, 0.5-8 mm. Pedicel 0.5-4 cm, along with calyx glabrous to densely pubescent. Calyx lobes deltate or sharply so, usually less than 2 mm. Corolla white; tube 1.2-1.8 cm; lobes 5 or 6, 4-7(-10) mm. Berry ripening purple-black, ellipsoid or subglobose, 0.8-1.2 cm × 5-12 mm. Fl. May-Oct, fr. Aug-Dec.
* Valleys, woods; 900-2200 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan, Taiwan, Yunnan


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