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厚果崖豆藤Millettia pachycarpa

时间:2018-08-14 08:53来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):厚果崖豆藤 学名( Scientific Name ): Millettia pachycarpa Benth. [ 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 苦檀子,冲天子 异名( Synonym ): Pongamia taiwanianiana Hayata Whitfordioden
中文名(Chinese Name):厚果崖豆藤
学名(Scientific Name):Millettia pachycarpa Benth. [
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):苦檀子,冲天子
异名(Synonym):Pongamia taiwanianiana Hayata  Whitfordiodendron taiwanianum (Hayata) Ohwi  Millettia taiwaniana Hayata  Millettia dunnii Merr.  Millettia fooningensis Hu  Whitfordiodendron taiwaniana (Hayata)Ohwi  Phaseolodes pachycarpum (Benth.) Kuntze  Pongamia taiwaniana Hayata
科属(Family & Genus):蝶形花科崖豆藤属
形态特征(Description):巨大藤本,长达15米。幼年时直立如小乔木状。嫩枝褐色,密被黄色绒毛,后渐秃净,老枝黑色,光滑,散布褐色皮孔,茎中空。羽状复叶长30-50厘米;叶柄长7-9厘米;托叶阔卵形,黑褐色,贴生鳞芽两侧,长3-4毫米,宿存;小叶6-8对,间隔2-3厘米,草质,长圆状椭圆形至长圆状披针形,长10-18厘米,宽3.5-4.5厘米,先端锐尖,基部楔形或圆钝,上面平坦,下面被平伏绢毛,中脉在下面隆起,密被褐色绒毛,侧脉12-15对,平行近叶缘弧曲;小叶柄长4-5毫米,密被毛;无小托叶。总状圆锥花序,2-6枝生于新枝下部,长15-30厘米,密被褐色绒毛,生花节长1-3毫米,花2-5朵着生节上;苞片小,阔卵形,小苞片甚小,线形,离萼生;花长2.1-2.3厘米;花梗长6-8毫米,花萼杯状,长约6毫米,宽约7毫米,密被绒毛,萼齿甚短,几不明显,圆头,上方2齿全合生;花冠淡紫,旗瓣无毛,或先端边缘具睫毛,卵形,基部淡紫,基部具2短耳,无胼胝体,翼瓣长圆形,下侧具钩,龙骨瓣基部截形,具短钩;雄蕊单体,对旗瓣的1枚基部分离;无花盘;子房线形,密被绒毛,花柱长于子房,向上弯,胚珠5-7粒。荚果深褐黄色,肿胀,长圆形,单粒种子时卵形,长5-23厘米,宽约4厘米,厚约3厘米,秃净,密布浅黄色疣状斑点,果瓣木质,甚厚,迟裂,有种子1-5粒;种子黑褐色,肾形,或挤压呈棋子形。花期4-6月,果期6-11月。
分布(Distribution):产浙江(南部)、江西、福建、台湾、湖南、广东、广西、四川、贵州、云南、西藏。生于山坡常绿阔叶林内,海拔2000米以下。缅甸、泰国、越南、老挝、孟加拉、印度、尼泊尔、不丹也有分布。
用途(Use):种子和根含鱼藤酮,磨粉可作杀虫药,能防治多种粮棉害虫;茎皮纤维可供利用。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 176, 179
Millettia pachycarpa Bentham in Miquel, Pl. Jungh. 250. 1852.
厚果崖豆藤 hou guo ya dou teng | Fabaceae  | Millettia
Millettia dunnii Merrill; M. fooningensis Hu; M. taiwan­iana (Hayata) Hayata; Pongamia taiwaniana Hayata; Whitford­iodendron taiwaniana (Hayata) Ohwi.
Lianas, to 15 m. Branchlets brown, yellow tomentose when young, glabrescent, scattered with brown lenticels. Leaves 13-17-foliolate; rachis 30-50 cm, including petiole 7-9 cm; leaflet blades elliptic-oblong to lanceolate-oblong, 10-18 × 3.5-4.5 cm, papery, abaxially brown appressed sericeous, adaxially flat and glabrous, base cuneate to rounded, apex acute. Pseudora­cemes with 2-6 branches beneath new stems, 15-30 cm, brown tomentose; rachis nodes with 2-5 flowers clustered on a 1-3 mm spur. Pedicel 6-8 mm. Flowers 2.1-2.3 cm. Calyx ca. 6 mm. Corolla lilac; standard obovate, glabrous or ciliate on api­cal margin, without basal calluses. Ovary tomentose, with 5-7 ovules. Legume dark brown, oblong or when 1-seeded ovoid, 5-25 × ca. 4 cm, inflated, densely covered with pale yellow warts, glabrescent; valves thick, woody. Seeds 1-5 per legume, dark brown, reniform, 2.5-3.5 × ca. 2 cm. Fl. Apr-Jun, fr. Jul-Nov. 2n = 22.
Evergreen broad-leaved forests in valleys; 100-2000 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, SW Hubei, Hunan, S Jiangxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, SW Xizang, Yunnan, S Zhejiang [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam].
The seeds and roots are ground into a powder that is used as an insecticide. The bark fiber is used for making rough ropes.



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