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香豌豆Lathyrus odoratus

时间:2018-08-13 20:21来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):香豌豆 学名( Scientific Name ): Lathyrus odoratus L. 英文名( English Common Name ): sweetpea 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 麝香豌豆 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 豆科(Leguminosae)山藜豆属
中文名(Chinese Name):香豌豆
学名(Scientific Name):Lathyrus odoratus L.
英文名(English Common Name):sweetpea
别名(Chinese Common Name):麝香豌豆
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):蝶形花科,Fabaceae山藜豆属
形态特征(Description):一年生草本,高50-200厘米,全株或多或少被毛。茎攀缘,多分枝,具翅。叶具1对小叶,托叶半箭形;叶轴具翅,叶轴末端具有分枝的卷须;小叶卵状长圆形或椭圆形,长2-6厘米,宽0.7-3厘米,全缘,具羽状脉或有时近平行脉。总状花序长于叶,具1-3 (-4) 朵花,长于叶;花下垂,极香,长2-3厘米,通常紫色,也有白色、粉红色、红紫色、紫堇色及蓝色等各种颜色;萼钟状,萼齿近相等,长于萼筒;子房线形,花柱扭转。荚果线形有时稍弯曲,长5-7厘米,宽1-1.2厘米,棕黄色,被短柔毛。种子平滑,种脐为周圆的1/4。花果期6-9月。
分布(Distribution):原产意大利,我国各地栽培。
用途(Use):植株及种子有毒。
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 572, 576
Lathyrus odoratus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 2: 732. 1753.
香豌豆 xiang wan dou | Fabaceae  | Lathyrus
Annual herbs, 50-200 cm tall. Stem climbing, much branched, somewhat hairy, winged. Leaves with branched ten­dril at apex; rachis winged; stipules semisagittate; leaflets 1-paired, ovate-oblong or elliptic, 20-60 × 7-30 mm, with pin­nate veins, rarely subparallel veins, margin entire. Raceme longer than leaf, 1-3(or 4)-flowered. Calyx campanulate, equally toothed and longer than tube. Corolla usually purple, or other colors, 20-30 mm. Ovary linear; style twisted. Legume brown-yellow, linear, 5-7 cm, pubescent. Seeds smooth. Fl. and fr. Jun-Sep.
Widely cultivated in China and worldwide as an ornamental and cut flower [native to Italy (Sicily)].


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