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美丽鸡血藤Callerya speciosa

时间:2018-08-13 20:24来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):美丽鸡血藤 学名( Scientific Name ): Callerya speciosa (Champ. ex Benth.) Schot 英文名( English Common Name ): Millettia speciosa Champ. Phaseolodes speciosum (Champ. ex Benth.) Kuntze 别名( Chinese Common N
中文名(Chinese Name):美丽鸡血藤
学名(Scientific Name):Callerya speciosa (Champ. ex Benth.) Schot
英文名(English Common Name):Millettia speciosa Champ.  Phaseolodes speciosum (Champ. ex Benth.) Kuntze
别名(Chinese Common Name):牛大力藤、牛大力
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):蝶形花科,Fabaceae)鸡血藤属
形态特征(Description):藤本,树皮褐色。小枝圆柱形,初被褐色绒毛,后渐脱落。羽状复叶长15-25厘米;叶柄长3-4厘米,叶轴被毛,上面有沟;托叶披针形,长3-5毫米,宿存;小叶通常6对,间隔1.5-2,硬纸质,长圆状披针形或椭圆状披针形,长4-8厘米,宽2-3厘米,先端钝圆,短尖,基部钝圆。边缘略反卷,上面无毛,干后粉绿色,光亮,下面被锈色柔毛或无毛,干后红褐色,侧脉5-6对,二次环结,细脉网状,上面平坦,下面略隆起;小叶柄长1-2毫米,密被绒毛;小托叶针刺状,长2-3毫米,宿存。圆锥花序腋生,常聚集枝梢成带叶的大型花序,长达30厘米,密被黄褐色绒毛,花1-2朵并生或单生密集于花序轴上部呈长尾状;苞片披针状卵形,长4-5毫米,脱落;小苞片卵形,长约4毫米,离萼生;花大,长2.5-3.5厘米,有香气;花梗长8-12毫米,与花萼、花序轴同被黄褐色绒毛;花萼钟状,长约1.2厘米,宽约1.2厘米;萼齿钝圆头,短于萼筒;花冠白色、米黄色至淡红色,花瓣近等长,旗瓣无毛,圆形,径约2厘米,基部略呈心形,具2枚胼胝体,翼瓣长圆形,基部具钩状耳,龙骨瓣镰形;雄蕊二体,对旗瓣的1枚离生;花盘筒状,深1-2毫米;子房线形,密被绒毛,具柄,花柱向上旋卷,柱头下指。荚果线状,伸长,长10-15,宽1-2厘米,扁平,顶端狭尖,具嚎,基部具短颈,密被褐色绒毛,果瓣木质,开裂,有种子4-6粒;种子卵形。花期7-10月,果期次年2月。
分布(Distribution):产福建、湖南、广东、海南、广西、贵州、云南。生于海拔1500米以下灌丛、疏林和旷野。越南也有。
用途(Use):根含淀粉甚丰富,可酿酒,又可入药,有通径活络,补虚润肺和健脾的功能。引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 182
Callerya speciosa (Champion ex Bentham) Schot, Blumea. 39: 32. 1994.
美丽鸡血藤 mei li ji xue teng| Fabaceae  | Callerya
Millettia speciosa Champion ex Bentham, Hooker’s J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 4: 73. 1852.
Lianas, 1-3 m. Bark brown. Branchlets brown tomentose, glabrescent. Leaves 13-foliolate; rachis 15-25 cm, including petiole 3-4 cm; leaflet blades oblong-lanceolate to elliptic-lan­ceolate, 4-8 × 2-3 cm, papery, abaxially rusty pubescent, gla­brescent, and reddish brown when dry, adaxially glabrous and shiny but glaucous when dry, base rounded, margins slightly revolute, apex acute and with a short tip. Racemes axillary, usu­ally congested near apex of branchlets to form large panicles, ca. 30 cm, brown tomentose. Pedicel and calyx tomentose. Flowers 2.5-3.5 cm, fragrant. Corolla white, creamy, or pale pink; standard orbicular, glabrous, with 2 basal calluses. Ovary tomentose, with numerous ovules. Legume linear, 10-15 × 1-2 cm, flat, brown tomentose, base tapering to a short stipe, apex beaked; valves woody. Seeds 4-6 per legume, black, ovoid, ca. 10 × 8 mm. Fl. Jul-Sep, fr. Aug-Oct.
Open places, sparse woodlands; 200-1700 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, S Guizhou, Hainan, S Hunan, Yunnan [Vietnam].
The roots are rich in starch and used to make a tonic wine.






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