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香花崖豆藤Callerya dielsiana

时间:2018-08-13 20:25来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):香花崖豆藤 学名( Scientific Name ): Callerya dielsiana (Harms) P.K. Loc ex Z. Wei Pedley 英文名( English Common Name ): 昆明鸡血藤、山鸡血藤 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 异名( Synonym ): Millettia diel
中文名(Chinese Name):香花崖豆藤
学名(Scientific Name):Callerya dielsiana (Harms) P.K. Loc ex Z. Wei & Pedley
英文名(English Common Name):昆明鸡血藤、山鸡血藤
别名(Chinese Common Name):
异名(Synonym):Millettia dielsiana Harms
科属(Family & Genus):蝶形花科鸡血藤属
形态特征(Description):攀援灌木,长2-5米。茎皮灰褐色,剥裂,枝无毛或被微毛。羽状复叶长15-30厘米;叶柄长5-12厘米,叶轴被稀疏柔毛,后秃净,上面有沟;托叶线形,长3毫米;小叶2对,间隔3-5厘米,纸质,披针形,长圆形至狭长圆形,长5-15厘米,宽1.5-6厘米,先端急尖至渐尖,偶钝圆,基部钝圆,偶近心形,上面有光泽,几无毛,下面被平伏柔毛或无毛,侧脉6-9对,近边缘环结,中脉在上面微凹,下面甚隆起,细脉网状,两面均显著;小叶柄长2-3毫米;小托叶锥刺状,长3-5毫米。圆锥花序顶生,宽大,长达40厘米,生花枝伸展,长6-15厘米,较短时近直生,较长时成扇状开展并下垂,花序轴多少被黄褐色柔毛;花单生,近接;苞片线形,锥尖,略短于花梗,宿存,小苞片线形,贴萼生,早落,花长1.2-2.4厘米;花梗长约5毫米;花萼阔钟状,长3-5毫米,宽4-6毫米,与花梗同被细柔毛,萼齿短于萼筒,上方2齿几全合生,其余为卵形至三角状披针形,下方1齿最长;花冠紫红色,旗瓣阔卵形至倒阔卵形,密被锈色或银色绢毛,基部稍呈心形,具短瓣柄,无胼胝体,翼瓣甚短,约为旗瓣的二分之一,锐尖头,下侧有耳,龙骨瓣镰形;雄蕊二体,对旗瓣的1枚离生;花盘浅皿状;子房线形,密被绒毛,花柱长于子房,旋曲,柱头下指,胚珠8-9粒。荚果线形至长圆形,长7-12厘米,宽1.5-2厘米,扁平,密被灰色绒毛,果瓣薄,近木质,瓣裂,有种子3-5粒;种子长圆状凸镜形,长约8厘米,宽约6厘米,厚约2厘米。花期5-9月,果期6-11月。
分布(Distribution):产陕西、甘肃、安徽、浙江、江西、福建、湖北、湖南、广东、海南、广西、四川、贵州、云南。生于海拔2500米山坡杂木林与灌丛中。越南、老挝也有。
用途(Use):
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 182, 187
Callerya dielsiana (Harms) P. K. Lôc ex Z. Wei & Pedley, Fl. China. 10: 187. 2010.
香花鸡血藤 xiang hua ji xue teng | Fabaceae  | Callerya
Shrubs, scandent, 2-5 m. Stems grayish yellow, splitting, glabrous or puberulent. Leaves 5-foliolate; rachis 15-30 cm, in­cluding petiole 5-12 cm; leaflet blades lanceolate, oblong, or narrowly oblong, 5-15 × 1.5-6 cm, abaxially grayish glabrous, sparsely puberulent, or yellow hirsute, adaxially glabrous, mid­vein abaxially raised and adaxially sunken, secondary veins 6-9 on each side of midvein, reticulate veins evident on both sur­faces or only abaxially, base rounded or sometimes subcordate, apex acute, acuminate, or rarely obtuse. Panicles terminal, 10-25(-40) cm, yellow puberulent; flowering branchlets 6-15 cm, spreading, nodes close together. Flowers 1.2-2.4 cm. Corolla purple; standard broadly ovate, without basal calluses, outside silvery to rusty sericeous, base subcordate. Ovary linear, tomen­tose, with 8 or 9 ovules. Legume linear to oblong, 7-12 × 1.5-2 cm, flat, gray tomentose; valves thin or woody. Seeds 3-5 per legume, tawny, oblong or subglobose, ca. 8 × 6 mm. Fl. May-Sep, fr. Jun-Nov.
● Mixed woodlands and thickets on slopes, thickets in river val-leys, open places at forest margins; 300-2500 m. Anhui, Fujian, S Gansu, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangxi, S Shaanxi, Sichuan, Yunnan, Zhejiang.








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