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刺果苏木Caesalpinia bonduc

时间:2018-08-14 08:54来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):刺果苏木 学名( Scientific Name ): . Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 大托叶云实 异名( Synonym ): Caesalpinia bonducella (L.) Fleming Caesalpinia
中文名(Chinese Name):刺果苏木
学名(Scientific Name):. Caesalpinia bonduc (L.) Roxb.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):大托叶云实
异名(Synonym):Caesalpinia bonducella (L.) Fleming  Caesalpinia kwangtungensis Merr.  Caesalpinia sepiaria Roxb.  Caesalpinia szechuenensis Craib  Guilandina crista (L.) Small  Guilandina nuga L.  Guilandina bonducella L.  Guilandina bonduc var. minus DC.  Caesalpinia sogerensis Baker f.  Caesalpinia grisebachiana Kuntze  Caesalpinia cristata Prowazek  Bonduc minus Medik.  Guilandina gemina Lour.  Guillandina bonduc L.  Guillandina bonducella (L.)Fleming
科属(Family & Genus):云实科,Caesalpiniaceae云实属
形态特征(Description):有刺藤本,各部均被黄色柔毛;刺直或弯曲。叶长30-45厘米;叶轴有钩刺;羽片6-9对,对生;羽片柄极短,基部有刺1枚;托叶大,叶状,常分裂,脱落;在小叶着生处常有托叶状小钩刺1对;小叶6-12对,膜质,长圆形,长1.5-4厘米,宽1.2-2厘米,先端圆钝而有小凸尖,基部斜,两面均被黄色柔毛。总状花序腋生,具长梗,上部稠密,下部稀疏;花梗长3-5毫米;苞片锥状,长6-8毫米,被毛,外折,开花时渐脱落;花托凹陷;萼片5,长约8毫米,内外均被锈色毛;花瓣黄色,最上面一片有红色斑点,倒披针形,有柄;花丝短,基部被绵毛;子房被毛。荚果革质,长圆形,长5-7厘米,宽4-5厘米,顶端有喙,膨胀,外面具细长针刺;种子2-3颗,近球形,铅灰色,有光泽。花期8-10月;果期10月至翌年3月。
分布(Distribution):产广东、广西和台湾。世界热带地区均有分布。
用途(Use):
引自植物志英文版:FOC Vol. 10 Page 41, 42, 43
Caesalpinia bonduc (Linnaeus) Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832. 2: 362. 1832.
刺果苏木 ci guo su mu | Fabaceae  | Caesalpinia
Guilandina bonduc Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 381. 1753; G. bonducella Linnaeus; Caesalpinia bonducella (Linnaeus) Fleming.
Climbers, prickly, yellowish pubescent throughout. Prickles straight or somewhat recurved. Leaves 30-45 cm; ra­chis with recurved prickles; pinnae 6-9 pairs, opposite; stipules deciduous, large, leaflike, usually lobed, lobes to 2 cm; leaflets 6-12 pairs, oblong, 1.5-4 × 1.2-2 cm, membranous, both sur­faces pubescent, base oblique, apex rounded to acute, mucro­nate. Racemes axillary, long pedunculate, densely flowered in upper part and sparsely so in lower part; bracts caducous at anthesis, reflexed, subulate, 6-8 mm, pubescent. Pedicels 3-5 mm. Sepals 5, ca. 8 mm, both sides ferruginous hairy. Petals yellowish; standard tinged with red spots, oblanceolate, clawed. Filaments short, hairy in basal part. Ovary hairy. Legume ob­long, 5-7 × 4-5 cm, leathery, apex rounded and with beak, swollen, with dense, slender spines 5-10 mm. Seeds 2 or 3, grayish, shiny, ovoid to globose. Fl. Feb, Jul-Oct, fr. Oct-May.
Thickets, roadsides, near seashores; near sea level to 200 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan [pantropical].






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