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光叶丁公藤Erycibe schmidtii

时间:2013-09-05 12:51来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):光叶丁公藤 学名( Scientific Name ): Erycibe schmidtii Craib 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 麻辣仔藤、丁公藤 异名( Synonym ): Erycibe glaucescens Wall. ex Choisy Erycibe lae
中文名(Chinese Name):光叶丁公藤
学名(Scientific Name):Erycibe schmidtii Craib
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):麻辣仔藤、丁公藤
异名(Synonym):Erycibe glaucescens Wall. ex Choisy  Erycibe laevigata Wall ex Choisy: F. C. How  Erycibe semipilosa Gagnep.
科属(Family & Genus):旋花科(Convolvulaceae)丁公藤属
形态特征(Description):高大攀援灌木,小枝圆柱形,灰褐色,有细棱,无毛或贴生微柔毛。叶革质,卵状椭圆形或长圆状椭圆形,长7-12厘米,宽2.5-6厘米,顶端骤然渐尖,基部宽楔形或稍钝圆,两面无毛,中脉在叶面下陷侧脉5-6对,在叶面不明显,至边缘网结,网脉在背面稍微突起;叶柄长1-2(-3.5)厘米,幼时被微柔毛,老时无毛。聚伞花序成圆锥状,腋生和顶生,比叶短很多,长2-7厘米,密被锈色短柔毛,间有2叉状毛;花梗长2-5毫米,萼片近圆形,长约3毫米,外面稍密被锈色短柔毛,内萼片毛较密,被缘毛;花冠白色,芳香,长约8毫米,深5裂,瓣中带密被黄褐色绢毛,小裂片长圆形,边缘啮蚀状;花丝长约1毫米,基部扩大,花药长1.8-2毫米,圆锥状,顶端长渐尖,基部心形;雌蕊长约2毫米,子房圆柱形;柱头冠状,边缘有小裂片。浆果球形,干后黑褐色,直径约1.5厘米。
分布(Distribution):产广东、广西及云南,生于海拔250-1200米的山谷林中或路旁灌丛。
用途(Use):广东用茎切片做风湿病药酒(冯了性药酒)的原料,云治风湿有特效。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 16 Page 279      
Erycibe schmidtii Craib, Bot. Tidsskr. 32: 352. 1916.
光叶丁公藤 guang ye ding gong teng| Convolvulaceae  | Erycibe
Erycibe semipilosa Gagnepain.
Shrubs scandent. Branchlets terete, ± angular, lenticellate, appressed puberulent, glabrescent. Petiole 1-3.5 cm, puberulent to glabrescent; leaf blade ovate-elliptic or oblong-elliptic, 7-12 X 2.5-6 cm, leathery, glabrous, base broadly cuneate to obtuse, apex ± acuminate; lateral veins (7 or) 8(-10) pairs, indistinct. Inflorescences terminal or axillary, racemose or paniculate, 2-7 cm, ± densely rust-colored puberulent with 2-armed hairs. Pedicel 2-5 mm. Outer 2 sepals nearly circular, 3-4 mm, almost glabrous; inner ones ± elliptic, ca. 5 mm, ± densely rust-colored velutinous abaxially, ciliolate. Corolla white, ca. 8 mm, midpetaline bands abaxially densely sericeous; lobules obcordate, margin erose. Filaments 1.5-2 mm, dilated basally; anthers conical, 2-2.5 mm, apex long acuminate. Ovary terete, ca. 2 mm. Stigma peltate. Fruit dark, subglobose, ca. 2 cm in diam., glabrous.
Dense forests; 300-1200 m. S Yunnan [NE India, Thailand, Vietnam]
Erycibe schmidtii has been misidentified as E. glaucescens Wallich ex Choisy ( = E. laevigata Wallich ex Choisy), which is not known to occur in China.
The stem is used medicinally.





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