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凌霄Campsis grandiflora

时间:2013-07-17 13:32来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):凌霄 学名( Scientific Name ): Campsis grandiflora (Thunb.) Schum. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 紫葳、女葳花 异名( Synonym ): Campsis adrepens Lour.;Campsis chinensis (La






中文名(Chinese Name):凌霄
学名(Scientific Name):Campsis grandiflora (Thunb.) Schum.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):紫葳、女葳花
异名(Synonym):Campsis adrepens Lour.;Campsis chinensis (Lam.) Voss;Bignonia chinensis Lam.;Tecoma grandiflora Loisel.;Tecoma chinensis (Lam.) K. Koch;Gelseminum grandiflorum (Thunb.) Kuntze;Tecoma sinensis Spach
科属(Family & Genus):紫葳科(Bignoniaceae)凌霄属
形态特征(Description):攀援藤本;茎木质,表皮脱落,枯褐色,以气生根攀附于它物之上。叶对生,为奇数羽状复叶;小叶7-9枚,卵形至卵状披针形,顶端尾状渐尖,基部阔楔形,两侧不等大,长3-6(-9)厘米,宽1.5-3 (-5) 厘米,侧脉6-7对,两面无毛,边缘有粗锯齿;叶轴长4-13厘米;小叶柄长5(-10)毫米。顶生疏散的短圆锥花序,花序轴长15-20厘米。花萼钟状,长3厘米,分裂至中部,裂片披针形,长约1.5厘米。花冠内面鲜红色,外面橙黄色,长约5厘米,裂片半圆形。雄蕊着生于花冠筒近基部,花丝线形,细长,长2-2.5厘米,花药黄色,个字形着生。花柱线形,长约3厘米,柱头扁平,2裂。蒴果顶端钝。花期5-8月。
分布(Distribution):产我国河北及山东以南等大部分地区,日本也有。
用途(Use):可供观赏及药用,花为通经利尿药,可根治跌打损伤等症。据李时珍云“附木而上,高达数丈,故曰凌霄”。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 18 Page 220
Campsis grandiflora (Thunberg) Schumann in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 4(3b): 230. 1894.
凌霄 ling xiao | Bignoniaceae  | Campsis
Bignonia grandiflora Thunberg, Fl. Jap. 253. 1784; B. chinensis Lamarck; Campsis adrepens Loureiro; C. chinensis (Lamarck) Voss; Tecoma chinensis (Lamarck) K. Koch; T. grandifloraLoiselleur-Deslongchamps.
Stems woody. Leaf rachis 4-13 cm; leaflets 7-9; petiolules 5(-10) mm; blade ovate to ovate-lanceolate, 3-6(-9) X 1.5-3(-5) cm, glabrous, base broadly cuneate, margin serrate, apex caudate-acuminate; lateral veins 6 or 7 on each side ofmidrib. Inflorescences short paniculate, terminal; peduncle 15-20 cm. Calyx campanulate, ca. 3 cm, divided halfway; lobes lanceolate, ca. 1.5 cm. Corolla red adaxially, orange-red abaxially, ca. 5 cm; lobes semirounded. Stamens inserted at base of corolla tube; filaments linear, 2-2.5 cm; anthers divergent, yellow. Style linear, ca. 3 cm; stigma compressed, 2-lobed. Capsule apex obtuse. Fl. May-Aug. 2n = 36, 38, 40.
Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hebei, Shandong, Shanxi, cultivated in Taiwan [India, Japan, Pakistan, Vietnam].
The plants are cultivated as ornamentals, and the flowers are used medicinally for promoting diuresis.
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