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球兰Hoya carnosa

时间:2013-07-16 14:02来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):球兰 学名( Scientific Name ): Hoya carnosa (L. f.) R. Br. 英文名( English Common Name ): porcelainflower 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 爬岩板、铁脚板 异名( Synonym ): 科属( Family Genus ): 萝藦科(As





中文名(Chinese Name):球兰
学名(Scientific Name):Hoya carnosa (L. f.) R. Br.
英文名(English Common Name):porcelainflower
别名(Chinese Common Name):爬岩板、铁脚板
异名(Synonym):
科属(Family & Genus):萝藦科(Asclepiadaceae)球兰属
形态特征(Description):Hoya chinensis (Lour.) J. Traill;Stapelia chinensis Lour.;Hoya intermedia A.C.Sm.;Hoya motoskei Teijsm. & Binn.;Hoya rotundifolia Siebold;Hoya variegata Siebold ex Morr.;Schollia carnosa (L. f.) Schrank ex Steud.;Schollia chinensis (Lour.) J. Jacq.
分布(Distribution):产云南、广东、广西、福建及台湾等地,生于平原或山地,附于树上或石上生长。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 16 Page 232      
Hoya carnosa (Linnaeus f.) R. Brown, Prodr. 460. 1810.
球兰 qiu lan| Asclepiadaceae  | Hoya
Shrubs epiphytic, climbing, glabrous except for inflorescences. Stems robust, to 6 m, pale gray, smooth. Petiole 1-1.5 cm; leaf blade broadly ovate-cordate to ovate-oblong or elliptic, 3.5-13 × 3-5 cm, base rounded to shallowly cordate, apex obtuse or short acuminate; lateral veins ca. 4 pairs, obscure. Pseudumbels extra-axillary, globose, ca. 30-flowered, pubescent; peduncle ca. 4 cm. Pedicel 2-4 cm. Corolla white, sometimes with a pink center, rotate, 1.5-2 cm in diam.; lobes triangular, densely papillate inside, margin recurved, apex reflexed. Corona lobes stellate spreading, outer angle acute, middle ridge prominent, margin strongly reflexed and enclosing a hollow space at base, inner angle acute, incumbent on anthers. Stigma head obtuse or obscurely apiculate. Follicles linear-lanceolate, 6-10 × 0.5-1.5 cm. Seeds ca. 5 × 1 mm; coma ca. 2.5 cm. 2n = 22*.
Two varieties (one endemic to China): mountain forests, usually on trees; 200-1200 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan [India, ?Japan, Malaysia, Vietnam]
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