织梦CMS - 轻松建站从此开始!

花卉图片网

当前位置: 主页 > 藤蔓植物 >

麒麟尾Epipremnum pinnatum

时间:2013-07-16 11:51来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):麒麟尾 学名( Scientific Name ): Epipremnum pinnatum (Linn.) Engl. 英文名( English Common Name ): centipede tongavine 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 上树龙、百足藤 异名( Synonym ): Epipremnum mirabile Sch





中文名(Chinese Name):麒麟尾
学名(Scientific Name):Epipremnum pinnatum (Linn.) Engl.
英文名(English Common Name):centipede tongavine
别名(Chinese Common Name):上树龙、百足藤
异名(Synonym):Epipremnum mirabile Schott;Raphidophora pinnata Schott;Rhaphidophora pinnata (L.) Schott;Scindapsus pinnatus (L.) Schott;Pothos pinnatus L.;Scindapsus bipinnatifidus Teijsm. & Binn.;Scindapsus caudatus (Roxb.) Schott;Scindapsus dilaceratus K.Koch & Sello;Scindapsus forsteri Endl.;Scindapsus pinnatifidus (Roxb.) Schott;Tornelia dilacerata (K.Koch & Sello) Schott;Pothos caudatus Roxb.;Pothos pinnatifidus Roxb.;Rhaphidophora caudata (Roxb.) Schott;Rhaphidophora cunninghamii Schott;Rhaphidophora dilacerata (K.Koch & Sello) K.Koch;Rhaphidophora laciniata (Burm.f.) Merr.;Rhaphidophora lovellae F.M.Bailey;Rhaphidophora merrillii Engl.;Rhaphidophora neocaledonica Guillaumin;Rhaphidophora pinnatifida (Roxb.) Schott;Rhaphidophora vitiensis Schott;Rhaphidophora wallichii Schott;Philodendron dilaceratum Engl.;Philodendron nechodomae Britton;Monstera pinnata (L.) Schott;Monstera caudata (Roxb.) Schott;Monstera dilacerata (K.Koch & Sello) K.Koch;Epipremnum angustilobum K.Krause;Epipremnum elegans Engl.;Epipremnum merrillii Engl. & K.Krause;Epipremnum robinsonii K.Krause;Epipremnum mirabile f. eperforatum Engl.;Epipremnum elegans f. ternatensis Alderw.;Epipremnum mirabile f. multisectum Engl.;Epipremnum pinnatum f. multisectum (Engl.) Engl.;Rhaphidophora pertusa var. vitiensis (Schott) Engl.;Philodendron epipremnum
科属(Family & Genus):天南星科(Araceae)麒麟叶属
形态特征(Description):藤本植物,攀援极高。茎圆柱形,粗壮,下部粗2.5-4厘米,多分枝;气生根具发达的皮孔,平伸,紧贴于树皮或石面上。叶柄长25-40厘米,上部有长2.2厘米的膨大关节;叶鞘膜质,上达关节部位,逐渐撕裂,脱落;叶片薄革质,幼叶狭披针形或披针状长圆形,基部浅心形,成熟叶宽的长圆形,基部宽心形,沿中肋有2行星散的、有时为长达2毫米的小穿孔,叶片长40-60厘米,宽30-40厘米,两侧不等地羽状深裂,裂片线形,基部和顶端等宽或略狭,裂弯宽5-7.5厘米,狭长渐尖,裂片上有叶片的I级侧脉1-3条,II级侧脉与I级侧脉成极小的锐角,后逐渐与之平行。花序柄圆柱形,粗壮,长10-14厘米,基部有鞘状鳞叶包围。佛焰苞外面绿色,内面黄色,长10-12厘米,渐尖。肉穗花序圆柱形,钝,长约10厘米,粗3厘米。雌蕊具棱,长5-6毫米,顶平,柱头无柄,线形,纵向;胚珠2-4,着生于胎座的近基部。种子肾形,稍光滑。花期4-5月。
分布(Distribution):产台湾、广东、广西、云南的热带地域,附生于热带雨林的树上或岩壁上。自印度至菲律宾、太平洋诸岛及大洋洲均有。
用途(Use):茎叶供药用,能消肿止痛;可治跌打损伤、风湿关节、痈肿疮毒。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 23 Page 14, 15
Epipremnum pinnatum (Linnaeus) Engler, Pflanzenr. 37(IV. 23B): 60. 1908.
麒麟叶 qi lin ye| Araceae  | Epipremnum
Pothos pinnatus Linnaeus, Sp. Pl., ed. 2, 2: 1324. 1763; Epipremnum angustilobum K. Krause; E. elegans Engler; E. formosanum Hayata; E. glaucicephalum Elmer; E. merrillii (Engler) Engler & K. Krause; E. mirabile Schott; Monstera caudata (Roxburgh) Schott; M. dilacerata (K. Koch & Sello) C. Koch; M. pinnata (Linnaeus) Schott; M. pinnatifida (Roxburgh) Schott; Polypodium laciniatum N. L. Burman; Pothos caudatus Roxburgh; P. pinnatifidus Roxburgh; Rhaphidophora caudata (Roxburgh) Schott; R. cunninghamii Schott; R. dilacerata (K. Koch & Sello) C. Koch; R. formosana Engler (1879); R. formosana (Hayata) M. Hotta (1970); R. laciniata (N. L. Burman) Merrill; R. lovellae F. M. Bailey; R. merrillii Engler; R. neocaledonica Guillaumin; R. pertusa (Roxburgh) Schott var. vitiensis (Schott) Engler; R. pinnata (Linnaeus) Schott; R. pinnatifida (Roxburgh) Schott; R. vitiensis Schott; R. wallichii Schott; Scindapsus caudatus (Roxburgh) Schott & Endlicher; S. dilaceratus K. Koch & Sello; S. forsteri Endlicher; S. pinnatifidus (Roxburgh) Schott; S. pinnatus (Linnaeus) Schott; Tornelia dilacerata (K. Koch & Sello) Schott.
Root climbers, to 15 m. Mature stem 5-40 mm in diam., internodes separated by prominent leaf scars, obscured by sheath fibers, active stems lustrous green with prominent irregular longitudinal whitish crests. Foliage leaves often clustered distally; petiole dark green, 19.5-60 cm × 3-13 mm, canaliculate, smooth; apical pulvinus 16-70 × 3-5 mm, basal pulvinus 3-7 × 1-1.5 cm; petiolar sheath extending to halfway along apical pulvinus, disintegrating into netted fibers; leaf blade ovate to oblong-elliptic, 10-93 × 5-60 cm, submembranous, base slightly cordate, regularly pinnatifid to pinnatisect, apex acuminate; pinnae paler abaxially, adaxially dark green, 1.2-6.5 cm wide, with tiny perforations along and adjacent to midrib, pinnae each with 1 primary lateral vein and several parallel interprimary veins, higher order venation reticulate, midrib prominently raised abaxially, impressed adaxially. Inflorescence several together, partially obscured by netted fibers; peduncle pale green, 5.5-21.5 cm × 4-10 mm, terete. Spathe dull yellow to mid-green outside, dull yellow or pale green inside, canoe-shaped, 7-23.5 × 3-15 cm, stoutly attenuate to 15 mm, opening almost flat at anthesis. Spadix sessile, white, later glaucous gray-green to yellow, cylindric, 8.5-25 × 1.1-3.5 cm, base slightly obliquely inserted. Flowers 3-7 mm in diam. Ovary cylindric, 4-12 × 2-7 mm, basal part slightly compressed; ovules 2 or 3; stylar region trapezoid, 3-7 × 1.5-4 mm, rather robust, truncate; stigma longitudinally linear-oblong, 2-6 × 0.1-0.5 mm. Fruit mid-green. Seeds reniform, ca. 4.5 × 3.5 mm. Fl. Apr-Jul.
Tropical rain forests, mountain forests, creeping and climbing on trees, rocks, or stone walls; below 2000 m. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Taiwan, Yunnan [Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam; Australia (Queensland), Pacific islands].
The plants are used medicinally to treat traumatic injuries, abscesses, and rheumatic arthralgia.

(责任编辑:徐晔春)
织梦二维码生成器
顶一下
(3)
100%
踩一下
(0)
0%
------分隔线----------------------------
发表评论
请自觉遵守互联网相关的政策法规,严禁发布色情、暴力、反动的言论。
评价:
表情:
用户名: 验证码:点击我更换图片
栏目列表
推荐内容