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清明花Beaumontia grandiflora

时间:2013-07-16 08:56来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):清明花 学名( Scientific Name ): Beaumontia grandiflora Wall. 英文名( English Common Name ): 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 炮弹果 异名( Synonym ): Echites grandiflora Roxb.;Beaumontia longiflora Hook.f.








中文名(Chinese Name):清明花
学名(Scientific Name):Beaumontia grandiflora Wall.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):炮弹果
异名(Synonym):Echites grandiflora Roxb.;Beaumontia longiflora Hook.f.;Beaumontia longifolia Lodd. ex Loudon
科属(Family & Genus):夹竹桃科(Apocynaceae)清明花属
形态特征(Description):高大藤本;枝幼时有锈色柔毛,老时无毛、茎有皮孔。叶长圆状倒卵形,长6-15厘米,宽3-8厘米,顶端短渐尖,幼时略被柔毛,老渐无毛,稀叶背被浓毛;侧脉约15对;叶柄长2厘米。聚伞花序顶生,着花3-5朵,有时更多;花梗有锈色柔毛,长2-4厘米;花萼裂片长圆状披针形或倒卵形,或倒披针形,长2.5-4厘米;花冠长约10厘米,外面有微毛,裂片卵圆形;雄蕊着生于花冠筒的喉部,花药箭头状。蓇葖形状多变,内果皮亮黄色;种子长约2厘米;种毛白色绢质,长4厘米。花期春夏季,果期秋冬季。
分布(Distribution):云南野生,生于山地林中;广西、广东和福建有栽培。印度也有。
用途(Use):根和叶供药用,可治风湿性腰腿痛、骨折、跌打损伤等。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 16 Page 176 
Beaumontia grandiflora Wallich, Tent. Fl. Napal. 15, t. 7. 1824.
清明花 qing ming hua  | Apocynaceae  | Beaumontia
Echites grandiflora Roxburgh.
Lianas to 20 m. Bark corky; young branches rusty pubescent; branchlets dark brown, pubescent to glabrous. Petiole to 3 cm; leaf blade narrowly obovate or narrowly to broadly elliptic, 6-30 X 3.5-15 cm, sparsely to densely pubescent when young, glabrous when older; lateral veins 8-20 pairs. Cymes 12-25 cm, 3-19-flowered, sparsely to densely pubescent; peduncle 2.5-9 cm; bracts leafy, pale green. Pedicel 2.5-4.5 cm. Sepals pale green, 3-6 mm. Corolla white, creamy, or pale yellow, base pale green; tube funnelform, 6.5-13 cm, glabrous inside; limb ca. 10 cm in diam., attenuate at base, sparsely to densely pubescent outside, glabrous inside; lobes suborbicular to broadly ovate, 1.7-4 cm, apex acuminate. Stamens white; filaments 3.2-6 cm; anthers 1.5-1.7 cm, included; disc ringlike, apex sparsely puberulent. Ovary tomentose. Style 7-9 cm. Follicles usually narrowly ellipsoid, 22-31 X 5-6 cm. Seeds 1.5-2.5 cm, coma 4-7 cm. Fl. spring-summer. 2n = 24.
Humid montane forests, valleys, riverbanks; 300-1500 m. SW Guangxi, S Yunnan; cultivated in Fujian, Guangdong [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam]
Cultivated as an ornamental. The young branches are used for making coarse ropes. The roots and leaves are used in the treat-ment of fractures, injury, and backache and leg pain caused by rheumatism.
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