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唐古特忍冬Lonicera tangutica







中文名(Chinese Name):唐古特忍冬
学名(Scientific Name):Lonicera tangutica Maxim.
英文名(English Common Name):
别名(Chinese Common Name):陇塞忍冬
异名(Synonym):Lonicera taipeiensis Hsu et H. J. Wang;Lonicera saccata Rehd.;Lonicera schneideriana Rehd.;Lonicera szechuanica Batal.;Lonicera penduliflora Pax et K. Hoffm.;Lonicera fangii S. S. Chien;Lonicera saccata f. wilsonii Rehder;Lonicera flavipes Rehder;Lonicera glandulifera S. S. Chien;Lonicera guebriantiana Hand.-Mazz.;Lonicera wulingensis Nakai;Lonicera tangutica var. glabra Batalin;Lonicera shensiensis (Rehder) Rehder;Lonicera tangiana S. S. Chien;Lonicera aemulans Rehder;Lonicera cylindriflora Hand.-Mazz.;Lonicera serpyllifolia Rehder;Lonicera longa Rehder;Lonicera chlamydata W. W. Sm.;Lonicera chlamydophora W. W. Sm.;Lonicera kungeana Hao;Lonicera trichopoda var. shensiensis Rehder;Caprifolium tanguticum Kuntze
科属(Family & Genus):忍冬科(Caprifoliaceae)忍冬属
形态特征(Description):落叶灌木,高达2 (-4) 米;幼枝无毛或有2列弯的短糙毛,有时夹生短腺毛,二年生小枝淡褐色,纤细,开展。冬芽顶渐尖或尖,外鳞片约2-4对,卵形或卵状披针形,顶渐尖或尖,背面有脊,被短糙毛和缘毛或无毛。叶纸质,倒披针形至矩圆形或倒卵形至椭圆形,顶端钝或稍尖,基部渐窄,长1-4 (-6) 厘米,两面常被稍弯的短糙毛或短糙伏毛,上面近叶缘处毛常较密,有时近无毛或完全秃净,下面有时脉腋有趾蹼状鳞腺,常具糙缘毛;叶柄长2-3毫米。总花梗生于幼枝下方叶腋,纤细,稍弯垂,长1.5-3 (-3.8) 厘米,被糙毛或无毛;苞片狭细,有时叶状,略短于至略超出萼齿;小苞片分离或连合,长为萼筒的1/4-1/5,有或无缘毛;相邻两萼筒中部以上至全部合生,椭圆形或矩圆形,长2 (-4) 毫米,无毛,萼檐杯状,长为萼筒的2/5-1/2或相等,顶端具三角形齿或浅波状至截形,有时具缘毛;花冠白色、黄白色或有淡红晕,筒状漏斗形,长 (8-) 10-13毫米,筒基部稍一侧肿大或具浅囊,外面无毛或有时疏生糙毛,裂片近直立,圆卵形,长2-3毫米;雄蕊着生花冠筒 中部,花药内藏,达花冠筒上部至裂片基部;花柱高出花冠裂片,无毛或中下部疏生开展糙毛。果实红色,直径5-6毫米;种子淡褐色,卵圆形或矩圆形,长2-2.5 毫米。花期5-6月,果熟期7-8月(西藏9月)。
分布(Distribution):产陕西、宁夏、甘肃、青海、湖北、四川、云南及西藏,生于海拔1600-3500米的林下、山坡草地或溪边灌丛中。
用途(Use):
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 19 Page 622, 625
Lonicera tangutica Maximowicz, Bull. Acad. Imp. Sci. Saint-Pétersbourg. 24: 48. 1878.
唐古特忍冬 tang gu te ren dong | Caprifoliaceae  | Lonicera
Lonicera tangutica
Credit: Harvard University Herbaria
Caprifolium tanguticum (Maximowicz) Kuntze; Lonicera aemulans Rehder; L. chlamydata W. W. Smith; L. chlamydophora W. W. Smith (1913), not K. Koch (1851); L. cylindriflora Handel-Mazzetti; L. fangii S. S. Chien; L. flavipes Rehder; L. glandulifera S. S. Chien; L. guebriantiana Handel-Mazzetti; L. hopeiensis S. S. Chien; L. inconspicua Batalin; L. kungeana K. S. Hao; L. longa Rehder; L. penduliflora Pax & K. Hoffmann; L. saccata Rehder; L. saccata f. calva Rehder; L. saccata var. tangiana (S. S. Chien) P. S. Hsu & H. J. Wang; L. saccata f. wilsonii Rehder; L. schneideriana Rehder; L. serpyllifolia Rehder; L. serreana Handel-Mazzetti; L. shensiensis (Rehder) Rehder; L. stenosiphon Franchet; L. szechuanica Batalin; L. taipeiensis P. S. Hsu & H. J. Wang; L. tangiana S. S. Chien; L. tangutica var. glabra Batalin; L. trichogyne Rehder; L. trichogyne var. aequipila Handel-Mazzetti; L. trichopoda Franchet; L. trichopoda var. shensiensis Rehder; L. wulingensis Nakai.
For description see under species complex. Distinguishing characters for this species are as follows: Young branches, leaves, peduncle, bracts, and flowers ± hairy; peduncle longer than 1 cm. Bracts subulate to lanceolate or linear-lanceolate; berries orange to red. Fl. May-Aug, fr. Jul-Sep.
Forests, grasslands on mountain slopes, scrub at streamsides; 800-4500 m. Anhui, Gansu, Guizhou, Hebei, Henan, W Hubei, W Hunan, Ningxia, E Qinghai, Shaanxi, Shanxi, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, NW Yunnan [Bhutan, India (Sikkim), Nepal]. (责任编辑:徐晔春)