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麒麟掌Euphorbia neriifolia

时间:2013-09-10 12:37来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):麒麟掌 学名( Scientific Name ): Euphorbia neriifolia L. 英文名( English Common Name ): Indian spurgetree 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 金刚纂、霸王鞭 异名( Synonym ): 肉质灌木状小乔木,乳汁丰富。茎圆柱
中文名(Chinese Name):麒麟掌
学名(Scientific Name):Euphorbia neriifolia L.
英文名(English Common Name):Indian spurgetree
别名(Chinese Common Name):金刚纂、霸王鞭
异名(Synonym):肉质灌木状小乔木,乳汁丰富。茎圆柱状,上部多分枝,高3-5(8)米,直径6-15厘米,具不明显5条隆起、且呈螺旋状旋转排列的脊,绿色;髓近五棱形,糠质。叶互生,少而稀疏,肉质,常呈五列生于嫩枝顶端脊上,倒卵形、倒卵状长圆形至匙形,长4.5-12厘米,宽1.3-3.8厘米,顶端钝圆,具小凸尖,基部渐狭,全缘;叶脉不明显;叫柄短,长2-4毫米;托叶刺状,长2-3毫米,宿存。花序二歧状腋生,基部具柄,长约3毫米;苞叶2枚,膜质,早落;总苞阔钟状,高约4毫米,直径5-6毫米,边缘5裂,裂片半圆形,边缘具缘毛,内弯;腺体5,肉质,边缘厚,全缘。雄花多枚;苞片丝状;雌花1枚,栽培时常不育,成熟者末见。蒴果和种子不详。花期6-9月。
科属(Family & Genus):大戟科(Euphorbiaceae)大戟属
形态特征(Description):Euphorbia antiqorum L.  Tithymalus edulis (Lour.) H.Karst.  Elaeophorbia neriifolia (L.) A.Chev.  Euphorbia ligularia Roxb. ex Buch.-Ham.
分布(Distribution):原产于印度,我国南北方均有栽培。
用途(Use):茎叶捣烂外敷痈疖、疥癣,但有毒,宜慎用。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 11 Page 289, 300
Euphorbia neriifolia Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 451. 1753.
金刚纂 jin gang zuan  | Euphorbiaceae  | Euphorbia
Trees or shrubs, 3-5(-8) m tall, glabrous except for cyathia. Stems 6-15 cm thick, green, with 5 spiral ranks of tubercles, ascending, branching from upper parts. Leaves alternate, apically clustered, persistent, succulent; spine shields small, stipules pricklelike, 2-3 mm; petiole short, 2-4 mm; leaf blade obovate or obovate-oblong to spoon-shaped, 4.5-12 × 1.3-3.8 cm, fleshy, base attenuate, margin entire, apex obtuse, apiculate; veins inconspicuous. Cyathia in subterminal cymes, peduncle ca. 3 mm; cyathophylls membranous, caducous; involucre campanulate, ca. 4 × 5-6 mm, lobes 5, rounded; glands 5, succulent, thick and entire. Male flowers many, bracts linear. Female flowers rarely developed. Capsule and seeds not seen. Fl. Jun-Sep.
Cultivated. Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan [native to India; widely cultivated in tropical Asia].
Euphorbia neriifolia is also cultivated in the greenhouses of C and N China. The stems and leaves are used medicinally.




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