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红鸡蛋花Plumeria rubra

时间:2013-07-16 08:45来源:未知 作者:徐晔春 点击:
中文名( Chinese Name ):红鸡蛋花 学名( Scientific Name ): Plumeria rubra Linn. 英文名( English Common Name ): templetree 别名( Chinese Common Name ): 红缅栀 异名( Synonym ): Plumeria acuminata W. T. Aiton;Plumeria acutifolia







中文名(Chinese Name):红鸡蛋花
学名(Scientific Name):Plumeria rubra Linn.
英文名(English Common Name):templetree
别名(Chinese Common Name):红缅栀
异名(Synonym):Plumeria acuminata W. T. Aiton;Plumeria acutifolia Poir.;Plumeria rubra f. acutifolia (Poir.) Woodson;Plumeria rubra var. acutifolia (Poir.) L. H. Bailey;Plumeria tricolor Ruiz and Pav.;Plumeria carinata Ruiz & Pav.;Plumeria conspicua G.Don;Plumeria acutifolia var. gasparrini A. DC.;Plumeria angustifolia A.DC.;Plumeria arborea Noronha;Plumeria arborescens G.Don;Plumeria aurantiaca Steud.;Plumeria blandfordiana Lodd. ex G.Don;Plumeria gouanii D.Don ex G.Don.;Plumeria incarnata var. milleri (G. Don) A. DC.;Plumeria jamesonii Hook.;Plumeria kerrii G.Don;Plumeria kunthiana Kostel.;Plumeria lambertiana Lindl.;Plumeria loranthifolia Müll.Arg.;Plumeria lutea Ruiz & Pav.;Plumeria macrophylla Lodd. ex G.Don;Plumeria megaphylla A.DC.;Plumeria mexicana Lodd.;Plumeria milleri G.Don;Plumeria mollis Kunth;Plumeria northiana Lodd. ex G.Don;Plumeria purpurea Ruiz & Pav.;Plumeria rubra f. acuminata (W.T.Aiton) Woodson;Plumeria rubra f. lutea (Ruiz & Pav.) Woodson;Plumeria rubra f. tricolor (Ruiz & Pav.) Woodson;Plumeria rubra var. acuminata (W.T.Aiton) R.S.Rao & Balamani;Plumeria tenuifolia Lodd. ex G.Don
科属(Family & Genus):夹竹桃科(Apocynaceae)鸡蛋花属
形态特征(Description):小乔木,高达5米;枝条粗壮,带肉质,无毛,具丰富乳汁。叶厚纸质,长圆状倒披针形,顶端急尖,基部狭楔形,长14-30厘米,宽6-8厘米,叶面深绿色;中脉凹陷,侧脉扁平,叶背浅绿色,中脉稍凸起,侧脉扁平,仅叶背中脉边缘被柔毛,侧脉每边30-40条,近水平横出,未达叶缘网结;叶柄长4-7厘米,被短柔毛。聚伞花序顶生,长22-32厘米,直径10-15厘米,总花梗三歧,长13-28厘米,肉质,被老时逐渐脱落的短柔毛;花梗被短柔毛或毛脱落,长约2厘米;花萼裂片小,阔卵形,顶端圆,不张开而压紧花冠筒;花冠深红色,花冠筒圆筒形,长1.5-1.7厘米,直径约3毫米;花冠裂片狭倒卵圆形或椭圆形,比花冠筒长,长3.5-4.5厘米,宽1.5-1.8厘米;雄蕊着生在花冠筒基部,花丝短,花药内藏;心皮2,离生;每心皮有胚珠多颗。蓇葖双生,广歧,长圆形,顶端急尖,长约20厘米,淡绿色;种子长圆形,扁平,长约1.5厘米,宽7-9毫米,浅棕色,顶端具长圆形膜质的翅,翅的边缘具不规则的凹缺,翅长2-2.8厘米,宽约8毫米。花期3-9月,果期栽培极少结果,一般为7-12月。
分布(Distribution):原产于南美洲,现广植于亚洲热带和亚热带地区。我国南部有栽培,常见于公园,植物园栽培观赏。
用途(Use):花鲜红色,枝叶青绿色,树形美观,为一种很好的观赏植物。
引自中国植物志英文版FOC Vol. 16 Page 154
Plumeria rubra Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 209. 1753.
红鸡蛋花 ji dan hua | Apocynaceae  | Plumeria
Plumeria acuminata Aiton; P. acutifolia Poiret; P. rubra var. acutifolia (Poiret) L. H. Bailey.
Trees to 8 m tall. Bark pale green, smooth, thin. Petiole to 7 cm; leaf blade elliptic to very narrowly so, 14-30 X 6-8 cm, glaucous adaxially, apex acute or acuminate; lateral veins 30-40 pairs, slightly elevated abaxially. Corolla tinged with pink or purple at least outside, 4-6 cm in diam.; lobes pink, yellow, or white, with a yellow base, 3-4.5 X 1.5-2.5 cm, obliquely spreading. Follicles oblong, 11-25 X 2-3 cm. Fl. Mar-Sep, fr. Jun-Dec. 2n = 36.
Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan [native to Mexico and Central America]
Widely cultivated for medicine and as ornamental. The flowers are used for the treatment of dysentery. The small, white-flowered form is more valued medicinally in China than other forms of the species.

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